Topping up a tomato after planting in open ground
Transplanting is stressful for any plant. Tomatoes also do not like to be disturbed. But sooner or later, seedlings must be planted in the garden. To make plants easier to survive the planting, take root in a new place, they need to be properly fed. This article is dedicated to our article today. In it, we deal with various options for fertilizers, feeding schemes and the nuances of the procedure.
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What trace elements are needed for tomatoes to grow after planting
After transplanting tomatoes into the open ground for development, they need trace elements. The three main components of seedling growth are nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. However, other elements are equally important: calcium, boron, magnesium, manganese, iron, sulfur.
Deficiency of any of these elements affects the appearance and health of the plant. It begins to hurt, worse resists pathogenic microflora and parasites. Flowering will be inconspicuous, and the crop will be sparse. That is why high-quality nutrition is important for tomatoes.
Foliar nutrition for tomatoes
In addition to the "classical" method of feeding tomatoes under the root of the plant, you can spray with nutrient compounds. This method of fertilizing is good when you need to quickly feed the seedlings with a lack of some element or process from pests and diseases.
Also, top dressing on the sheet is necessary for prolonged rains. Due to the high humidity of the soil, fertilizing under the root is not possible, but spraying will help the plant to obtain the necessary nutrients.
Spray the seedlings with a weakly concentrated working solution mixed with settled warm water. The procedure is carried out in the morning or in the evening on a calm day. In the heat, you can not spray tomatoes.
How to spray tomatoes after planting from stress
To help tomatoes survive the stress of transplanting to a permanent growing place, they can be sprinkled with special preparations. We will deal with the most popular in more detail.
The working solution for spraying is prepared from 1 ml of Epin in 2 liters of water. This is the contents of ampoule 1 sachet. If you need to process more tomatoes, then calculate the rate of the drug based on the fact that for every liter of water you need half an Epin ampoule.
For 10 liters of water, 1 ml of Zircon is needed. For mixing solutions of a smaller volume, use a conventional pipette.
This drug can be used to increase the survival rate of seedlings and stimulate root formation. To prepare the working solution, you need 10 g of the product per 5 l of water. For 1 bush, 500 ml are consumed.
Conventional succinic acid tablets can also be used to treat tomatoes from stress. The norm for the preparation of the solution is the same as that of root - 20 grams per 10 liters.
How to water tomatoes after planting in the ground
Tomatoes respond well to the application of liquid fertilizers under the root. There are a lot of fertilizer options. You can use minerals, organics, folk recipes or ready-made complex compounds.
ON A NOTE. It is necessary to add liquid nutritional compositions to the diet no earlier than 2 weeks after transplantation. It was at this time that the tomatoes would finally take root in the new place and be able to get good nutrition from the soil.
Consider how you can water tomatoes after planting in the ground.
How to apply mineral fertilizers
Let's start with mineral fertilizers. The concentration of active substances in them is quite large, so the amount of fertilizer applied is small compared, for example, with the same organic matter.
One of the best mineral fertilizers containing potassium. The tool can be either dissolved in water or applied dry. The consumption rate of the drug is 20 grams per bucket of water or a square meter of tomato beds.
The best option for feeding after transplantation. Especially if the seedlings are not elongated. Urea is a source of nitrogen that plants need to grow shoots, stems and leaves. A solution of urea is good to water the seedlings two weeks after transplantation to stimulate their growth and development. Norm - 2 tablespoons per bucket of water. Water 1 liter per plant.
All the details of the use of urea in our article "Urea (urea): fertilizer, use in the garden".
It is an alternative to urea. The working solution is prepared from 20 g of saltpeter dissolved in 10 l of water. Fertilizer should be applied carefully under the root, without getting on the stems and leaves of tomatoes.
Liquid top dressing is prepared from 20 grams of granular product in 1 bucket of water. The consumption rate is 1 liter per bush.
More about the use of the product in our article “Superphosphate: fertilizer, use in the garden”.
How to use organic dressing
Organics has been used for fertilizers for hundreds of years, but still has not lost its relevance. If you prefer environmentally friendly farming, then this type of fertilizing will be your choice.
Cow dung must necessarily overtake. Only then can it be used to feed tomatoes. To prepare the working solution, pre-ripe manure is mixed with water in a proportion of 1 to 10 and left to infuse for 1-2 days. The resulting concentrate is diluted 1 to 4 and used for irrigation. Mullein is the source of many trace elements. In order not to burn the roots of the plants, be sure to moisten the soil under them first.
For 1 kg of fertilizer you need 20 liters of water. The components are thoroughly mixed and poured into a container with a lockable lid. There, the fertilizer is infused for a week. The working solution is prepared from 1 liter of concentrate in a bucket of water.
Details of the use of fertilizer in the article "Chicken droppings as fertilizer: how to breed and apply to plant nutrition."
Ash can be added to the hole when planting tomatoes. Enough spoonfuls of remedy. Also made from wood ash infusion. The recipe is this: pour a glass of ash with a liter of boiling water and leave for a day. The next day, bring the liquid volume to 10 l, mix thoroughly and water the plants.
ON A NOTE. Ashes about once a month you can dust the leaves of seedlings. This is both potash top dressing and pest protection. But the ash must first be crushed to a state of flour.
This fertilizer is prepared from finely chopped weed grass and nettles. The grass is filled with water and left to insist for a week. Then a working solution is prepared from it in a ratio of 1 to 20 with pure water.
This fertilizer is a source of nitrogen, so it is advisable to use it during the application of the first fertilizing, when tomatoes grow stems and leaves.
Also, fertilizer can be used immediately after planting tomatoes in open ground.
How to feed tomatoes from folk remedies after planting
You can also prepare a sufficiently effective means for eating tomatoes from improvised means.
We will analyze the most effective folk recipes for feeding tomato seedlings after transplanting into open ground.
It is used for the prevention of late blight. The working solution is prepared by mixing in equal proportions of whey and water (for example, 2 l of serum and 2 l of water). Processing is carried out by spraying.
Spraying with boric acid stimulates flowering and bud formation. To prepare the working solution, you need to dilute 1 teaspoon in a bucket of water.
A solution of ammonia can be used for both root and foliar processing of tomatoes. In a bucket of water you need only 2 tablespoons of the product. This fertilizer will saturate the plants with nitrogen, which will allow them to activate their growth.
Coffee grounds contain many nutrients essential for healthy tomato growth. Ground a teaspoon of ground leaves in the soil under a tomato and watered with water. This is organic, so it decomposes well, saturating the soil with the necessary elements.
Yeast supplementation is great for stimulating root formation. You can use both dry and live yeast. First make the mother liquor from 1 bag of dry yeast, 2 tablespoons of sugar and 1.5 liters of warm water. The solution is left to ferment for 3 days. Then the volume of liquid is adjusted to 10 l and water the plants.
What drugs can be used for plants planted in the ground
In the following table, we have compiled ready-made preparations for you that you can feed tomatoes for better growth.
|A drug||Description||Dosage and administration|
|Agricola Vegeta||Balanced fertilizer to increase sustainability and yield||100 ml per 10 l of water. Feeding can be repeated every 2 weeks|
|Azofoska||Complex preparation containing nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and sulfur||For 10 liters of water you need 50 grams of the drug. Consumption rate - 250 ml per 1 plant|
|Baikal EM1||Microbiological fertilizer to stimulate flowering, increase the number of ovaries and stimulate root formation||10 ml per 10 l of water. Consumption rate - 2 liters per square meter of landings|
|Potassium humate||Contains Humic Acids||1 teaspoon per 10 liters of water. For 1 bush - 500 ml|
|Gumi Kuznetsova||Contains beneficial humic acids and a small amount of other trace elements||1 teaspoon per 10 liters of water. For 1 bush - 500 ml|
|Ideal||Complex liquid for the first feeding||1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water. Consumption rate - 500 ml per tomato bush|
|Kemira||A balanced complex fertilizer containing all the necessary trace elements||For 10 liters of water you need 20 grams of fertilizer. Consumption rate - 500 ml per plant|
|Mortar||Fertilizer to increase plant immunity||15 grams per 10 liters. Consumption for 1 plant - 500 ml|
|Fertica||Complex fertilizer to increase plant immunity, prolong flowering and acts as a stimulator of fruit formation||The working solution is prepared from 2 teaspoons of Fertica in a bucket of water.|
Schemes for fertilizing seedlings after planting
In order for seedlings to better take root, it is advisable to feed it in accordance with a certain scheme. So the seedlings will receive all the necessary trace elements on time. We will analyze the nutrition for months.
How to feed in May
May is a month of planting seedlings in open ground. The first feeding is carried out after 2 weeks. Nitrogen fertilizer is usually chosen, but a complex organo-mineral mixture can be used. For example, 500 grams of chicken manure, 30 grams of superphosphate, 15 grams of potassium sulfate and 10 liters of water.
If you do not want to mess with the preparation of the mixture, then you can use any of the complex tools presented in the table above.
Top dressing in June
In June, usually flowering time of tomatoes. At this time, it is better to use potash and phosphorus fertilizers and not to overdo it with nitrogen fertilizing.
At this point, tomatoes can be sprinkled with boric acid to stimulate flowering.
You can also apply this recipe: 2 liter mugs of ash are dissolved in a bucket of hot water and a bag of boric acid is added. The solution is insisted for a day and then used for irrigation, spending 1 liter of the drug on 1 plant.
An alternative is mineral potash-phosphorus top dressing. 15 g of potassium sulfate and twice as much superphosphate are needed for the same volume of water. The solution is stirred until the granules are completely dissolved and watered at the rate of 500 ml per 1 plant.
At the same time, you can spray with a solution of whey and iodine.
What top dressing is used for the prevention of diseases
Unfortunately, tomatoes often suffer from late blight. To prevent the development of the disease, conduct Phytosporin treatment. This is a natural remedy that does not harm plants at all. About how to use it correctly, read in our article “Fitosporin M instructions for use, how and why to apply”.
Also, a week after transplanting, tomatoes can be treated with a solution of whey and iodine. Such a tool will help tomatoes survive the transplant, and also act as a means of preventing fungal diseases. Processing is carried out according to the sheet. Recipe: 9 l of water, 1 l of whey, 10 drops of iodine.
When working with fertilizers, you must observe safety precautions. Firstly, you need not to harm yourself. And secondly, do not harm the plants.
- Be sure to wear gloves when diluting working solution. This is especially true when working with mineral fertilizers.
- Do not exceed the concentration of the active drug. Excess nutrients are even more harmful than their deficiency.
- Apply root fertilizer only on moist soil.
- Be sure to dilute organics with water. Pure organic fertilizers will burn the roots of tomatoes.
- Using cold water to prepare a solution. This is fraught with additional shock for the root system of the plant or for leaves when sprayed.
- The application of liquid fertilizers on dry soil. So top dressing will be absorbed worse, and the roots can get a chemical burn.
- Spraying with concentrated solutions. Processing on the sheet is carried out with weakly concentrated solutions so as not to burn the leaves.
Frequently Asked Questions
When is the first feeding after transplantation carried out?
Planned - after 2 weeks. If the tomatoes did not tolerate the planting well, then foliar top dressing can be done already for 3 days.
What is the best way to feed tomatoes?
The most effective complex feeding. If you are just starting to grow vegetables, then buy ready-made fertilizer and follow the instructions for its preparation and use.
Fertilizing tomatoes is an important process that is aimed at improving the health of seedlings, stimulating their growth and fruiting. There are many options to feed tomatoes, you only need to choose the one that will be most effective specifically for your plants. It will also not be amiss to recall the need to strictly observe the dosage and timing of fertilizer application.