Boric acid application in the garden and vegetable garden
The plants in the garden and in the garden can benefit not only from expensive preparations in beautiful packaging, but also from pennies from the pharmacy. Today we’ll talk about one of these top dressings, namely boric acid. Consider how it is useful for plants and how to use it correctly.
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What is boric acid for plants?
As the name implies, boric acid provides the boron culture. This trace element is needed for normal metabolism in plant tissues, both in the aboveground and underground parts.
The drug acts as a stimulant during flowering, which entails the accelerated formation of ovaries and fruits. Boron also strengthens the immune system of plants, which allows them to be more resistant to droughts and diseases.
In addition, boric acid has a positive effect on the taste of the fruit.
When can I feed plants with boric acid?
Adding a microelement such as boron to the diet is carried out several (usually 3) times for the entire season. For the first time in the budding phase. Once again at the stage of formation of the ovaries of future fruits. It is most effective to carry out foliar treatments on the sheet.
ON A NOTE. Apple trees and pears require at least three times processing with a powder solution: at the stage of a pink bud, at the beginning of flowering, and also at the beginning of fruiting.
As a liquid root fertilizer, the powder is used at almost all stages of plant vegetation from budding to fruiting. But be careful, as root dressing is carried out 1 time per season.
IMPORTANT! Also, the drug should be used when there are signs of a trace element deficiency.
How to determine the lack of boron in plants
A microelement deficiency is determined by how the plants look. Healthy and strong trees, shrubs and herbs have elastic, erect shoots, straight green leaves, bloom for a long time and fruit well tied.
But a possible micronutrient deficiency is determined by the following signs:
- Yellowing of the intervein space of leaf plates;
- Shredding and falling leaves;
- Twisting sheet plates;
- Slow fruit formation;
- The ugliness and poor taste of the fruit;
- Inhibited plant growth in height;
- The death of tissues.
ON A NOTE. Boron deficiency in apple trees and pears is expressed as fruit sampling.
What plants like boric acid
Almost all garden, garden, and indoor plants love boric acid. Most of all, cabbage, beets, apple trees and pears need it. Apricots, peaches, plums, cherries, petioles, lettuce, spinach, celery, currants, gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, honeysuckle, cucumbers and the nightshade family (eggplant, tomatoes and peppers) are slightly less demanding on boron content. Very rarely, boron is lacking in crops such as peas, chickpeas, strawberries, potatoes, beans and spicy herbs.
How to use boric acid as a fertilizer in the garden
The drug can be used both for irrigation as a liquid fertilizer, and also as a means for processing on a sheet of spray.
To prepare liquid fertilizer, you need to dilute the required amount of powder in a liter of very hot water. Next, it is necessary to cool it and bring it to a working volume of 10 liters.
Consider the basic recipes for the use of boric acid in the garden.
For this culture, the tool can be used even at the stage of pre-sowing seed treatment. A solution with acid will accelerate seed germination and disinfect planting material. The recipe is: 1 g of the product in 5 liters of water. Soak the seeds for 12 hours.
You can do the same with cabbage seeds.
Also, cabbage is processed during the growing season. It is permissible to do three treatments on a leaf: during the budding phase, when 5 leaves are formed and when the heads of ripen. On a bucket of water you need ¼ sachet of the drug. For better adhesion, add soap, otherwise drops of the product simply slide off the cabbage leaves.
Eggplant is fertilized 3 times for the entire growing time. The solution should be used during budding, flowering and fruiting. Fertilizing can be done under the root, and by spraying the leaves. The proportion for the preparation of the working solution is the same: 10 grams per 10 liters of water.
Potato is a plant that rarely needs targeted boron supplements. Only with micronutrient deficiency.
If on potato bushes you find signs of a lack of boron, then pour the plant with a solution of 1 sachet of the product and 20 liters of water
Tomatoes prefer triple application of boric solution.
The first top dressing is carried out immediately before flowering. Make a liquid fertilizer (1 sachet per 10 buckets of water) and water the plants under the root.
A similar composition is fed in case of formed inflorescences (after 1.5-2 weeks after 1 feeding).
The third time the treatment is carried out with the formation of tomatoes. The recipe is this. First, a concentrate is prepared from a bag of powder, 10 l of hot water and 2 l of ash. Once the water has cooled, add 10 ml of iodine. The next morning, the concentrate is diluted 1 to 10 and the plants are watered.
More information about feeding this crop in our article “Boric Acid for Tomato: Features of Tomato Spraying”.
Cucumbers are also watered three times. To form fruit that tastes good, the crop is watered for the first time during the budding phase, then when the cucumbers bloom and the first green leaves appear on them.
In all cases, the working solution is prepared from half a bag dissolved in a bucket of water.
You can soak the beet seeds, and you can water the root crops at the stage of 2 pairs of leaves. One sachet of powder in 2 buckets of water.
Pepper is processed both on a sheet and with the help of liquid fertilizer. The standard dosage of fertilizer is 10 grams per 10 liters of water. Culture needs 3 top dressings: at the stage of the appearance of buds, the opening of the first flowers and when the fruits begin to ripen.
How to use boric acid in the garden
To treat the garden, the product is used to prepare a spray solution. Sheet processing should be carried out either after sunset or in the morning in cloudy weather. An important condition is that there is no wind and rain in the next day.
If the berry began to show signs of a lack of boron (chlorosis, leaf curl), then you can help it by adding liquid fertilizer. The product is prepared from 1/3 of the powder, diluted in 5 liters of water.
Planned strawberry processing begins in early spring. After the snow melts and a stable positive temperature is established, a gentle solution is used - only 1 gram per bucket of water. The second top dressing is carried out just before the strawberries bloom. The solution is prepared with ash and potassium permanganate.
First of all, an ash concentrate is prepared - a liter of water per glass of ash. Then, in a bucket of water, 2 g of acid and potassium permanganate are diluted and ash infusion is added. All mixed and watered strawberries.
For detailed instructions on the use of the product, see the article "How to use boric acid for growing strawberries."
The apple tree requires constant feeding with boron. Without this trace element, apples will cork, become tasteless and ugly.
You can feed under the root (1 sachet per bucket of water) or on a leaf (reduce the concentration by half).
Pear is a seed crop that also needs boric acid. It can be fed simultaneously with the apple tree and in the same dosages.
The vine is processed once during the formation of the buds. For greater effect, it is best to combine boric acid and zinc sulfate. To prepare the working solution, mix 5 g of each powder in 10 l of water and process the vine.
Rose bushes are processed in early spring before the start of budding and flowering. The norm for the preparation of the composition is 1 sachet of powder per ten-liter bucket.
Gooseberries and currants
For these berry bushes, you can prepare a gentle top dressing from half a bag of boric acid in a ten-liter bucket of water. The agent is sprayed with currant and gooseberry leaves.
How and what indoor flowers can be fed with boric acid
Indoor flowers also like spraying with boron solution. They also improve their metabolism, produce chlorophyll and improve their health.
For home flowers, foliar treatments are carried out, under the root, the solution is applied every few years.
Indoor roses are sprayed at the beginning of flowering. The consumption rate of the drug is 1-2 g per 10 l for the preparation of a working solution.
Cyclamen is treated with a poor condition of the leaves of the flower. Also, processing before flowering will allow the plant to produce more peduncles and hold them longer.
Orchid loves boron very much. If you part a half bag in a bucket of water and process the leaves, then the orchid will respond with more magnificent and long flowering.
Indoor geranium responds well to spraying during the appearance of the first inflorescences. If you take flower pots outside, spraying should be done on a cloudy day or after sunset. The method of kneading the working composition is usual for home plants - 2 grams per bucket of water.
IMPORTANT! Flower processing can be carried out only with a fresh composition. The composition is not intended for storage.
How to use for seedlings?
Seedlings are sprayed with a solution. First, 1 liter of water is heated. It is not necessary to bring to a boil, but the water must be very hot, otherwise the boron will not dissolve. After that, 1 g of the drug is poured into a liquid and mixed thoroughly. Then leave to cool, stirring occasionally to prevent precipitation. Once the solution has cooled, the seedlings are sprayed.
What plants is contraindicated for this top dressing
Boron can not be processed beans. For them it is enough to carry out soil cultivation. But spraying with the drug is not necessary.
What pests can be used boric acid
The drug is not only a fertilizer, but also a good insecticide. Below we will tell you which insects you can fight with boric acid.
Boric acid helps drive this insect away from plantings. Spraying is applied (10 g per 5 l of water). Treatments begin in the last decade of May and are periodically repeated until the end of the summer season.
Garden ants can be bred just by sprinkling powder near the anthill and on the paths of insect movement. You can also use bait (mix boric acid with honey and water) and lay them near the anthill.
The method of application is the same - scatter the product where the Prussians are most often found.
To get rid of this pest, aisles and areas between the beds are sprayed. The concentrate is prepared from 2 sachets of the product per liter of water.
NOTE! You need to spray wet soil so as not to burn the roots.
The benefits and harms of this plant nutrition
Let's talk about the pros and cons of nutrition.
The positive qualities include the fact that boric acid stimulates the formation of ovaries and fruits, favorably affects the taste, participates in the formation of new shoots and root processes.
The drug also enhances plant health.
The disadvantage of this tool is that boron does not spread throughout the plant. This means that for the effect you need to alternate top dressing (root and extra root). Also, the trace element in case of its excess can cause serious illness.
How to determine an excess of boron
An overdose is mainly caused by spraying with an acid solution. With root dressing, it is quite difficult to overfeed with boron.
However, excess trace element is harmful. It causes burns and death of plant tissues. It can also accumulate in fruits.
It is possible to determine that you poisoned the plant by folded leaf plates with a convex middle, glossy coating of the leaves and falling of the lower leaves.
REFERENCE. Excess boron in the tissues leads to a deterioration in the keeping quality of the fruit.
To cure plants, you need to make potash fertilizers, and after 7 days, urea, which contains nitrogen.
- Spraying in the afternoon. This leads to burns on the foliage.
- Excessive concentration or too frequent top dressing. Despite the fact that boron is difficult to overfeed plants, its excess leads to a deterioration in the quality of the fruit.
- Watering on dry soil. Before applying liquid fertilizer, the soil under the plants needs to be moistened.
Frequently Asked Questions
How many grams of boric acid are in a sachet?
In a standard paper bag - 10 g of funds, 2 teaspoons.
How to replace the tool?
There is a preparation of borofosk, boric superphosphate, boron-datolite fertilizer. You can use one of them. You can also use the tools "Mag Bor", "Organo-Bor", "Borofoska", "Boroplus" and others.
What can be sprayed with boron?
Most plants respond well to the introduction of this tool. But be sure to pay close attention to apples and pears.
Where to buy the product?
Previously, acid was sold mainly in pharmacies, but now bags can be found in hardware stores.
Boric acid is an inexpensive but effective drug for feeding a wide variety of crops. Powder in normal doses is practically harmless, while having a positive effect on the quantity and quality of fruits.