When to transfer peonies to another place, transplant in spring and autumn
Like most other perennial flowers, peonies can not stand when they are disturbed idle. However, sometimes for a variety of reasons, you need to transplant these flowers.
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- Yandex Zen
This time we decided to talk about the main nuances of the procedure. Also in the article we will answer the question of when is it better to transplant peony bushes to a new place: in spring or autumn after flowering.
When is it best to transplant peonies in spring or autumn?
In general, we can say that peonies prefer to grow in the same place, rather than constantly “move”. Therefore, without special need it is better not to touch them.
But in general, peonies need to be moved to a new place and rejuvenated every 5-10 years. This is done to update the bush. In addition, the soil under the peony is rapidly depleted. Therefore, if the transplant is not carried out, then the flower degenerates, loses its beauty in flowering.
It also happens that the flower has grown very much and began to interfere with other plants, or you need to make room for outbuildings, etc. In such cases, the peony bush has to be replanted much earlier than the appropriate time.
ON A NOTE. During the procedure, the rhizome can be divided and thereby multiply the plant.
Therefore, if you have already decided to transplant a bush, then it is best to plan a procedure for the autumn months. Usually by this time the peony bush has already completed flowering and is ready for wintering. However, no one says that the plant cannot be transplanted in the spring months. It’s just that peonies make it much easier to “move” to a new “living space” at the end of the season than at the beginning.
How to choose the right time to change to another place in the spring
So, let's say you need to transplant a peony in the spring. First things first, it is very important to choose the right time. It is necessary to dig out the rhizome from the earth when the earth has already warmed up to a sufficient depth, but the peony has not yet moved away from hibernation. Usually this is a few days in April. It is not necessary to delay the procedure until the plant begins to grow.
When to transplant peonies in the fall, how to choose the time
In the fall, the flower is transplanted when it completely fades, and the stem dies off. However, you need to calculate the time so that at least one month passes before the start of the frost. This is necessary so that the plant has time to take root and grow small roots. With their help, the flower receives nutrients from the earth.
REFERENCE INFORMATION. For the northern regions, this time begins in the last decade of summer, in Central Russia - in the middle of September, in the South it is perfectly acceptable to work all of October.
How to dig a peony bush for transplant
The most important thing in a transplant is to dig up peonies correctly. There is no need to rush, work with extreme caution. At the same time, do not hope that you can do the job quickly - the flower has sufficiently large and powerful roots.
To work easier, everything that is above the ground can be cut off. Leave the hemp in 5-6 cm.
Next you need to outline where to dig. The border should be no closer than 20-30cm to the bush. Better to capture a little more land.
Now start digging. First, a shovel is dug in a bush. In no case do not twist the clods of earth. So you can damage the root system.
After you have dug up a peony, take garden pitchforks and continue to dig a bush.
IMPORTANT! Do not worry if the peony falls apart. The reason is that the root of the neck is outdated. So the flower really needed a transplant.
So, after a certain time you have in your hands a whole rhizome with lateral processes.
How to transplant peonies to a new place in spring
In spring, it is better to transplant young flowers or carry out the procedure when absolutely necessary.
The flower transplantation algorithm is quite simple.
- Prepare a landing pit (or pits if you divide the rhizome).
- Dig a flower, rinse and treat the rhizome. Dividing if necessary.
- If the groundwater is too close, lay down the drainage (expanded clay, broken shards, etc.).
- Put top dressing on the bottom of the hole and mix them with the soil. Sprinkle on top of the ground so that the rhizome does not come into contact with fertilizers.
- Pour a bucket of water into the hole and let it soak.
- Lay the rhizome with the kidneys up. Work carefully and try not to break off the root processes.
- Now you can fill up with earth.
- Tamp the soil lightly.
- Water and mulch the transplanted rhizome.
REFERENCE INFORMATION. Those peony bushes that were moved to a new "living space" in the spring are slightly delayed in vegetation. Unlike their counterparts that are transplanted in the fall.
Features of transplanting peonies to a new place in autumn
If possible, try to carry out the procedure in the last decade of August or even in the autumn months.
Try not to plant the flower after other perennials. After them, the soil is usually severely depleted.
The landing algorithm itself repeats the procedure in the spring. But consider the autumn weather. Do not plant a peony in the mud.
NOTE! No need to deepen the kidneys too much. A soil layer of 3 cm will be more than sufficient.
Also remember the timing of the procedure. Before frosts should be about 1-1.5 months. An important point - in no case do not add nitrogen fertilizers. These include urea, a solution on ammonia, ammonium nitrate. All these funds provoke the growth of green mass.
After planting, the peony is necessarily mulched, and directly for the winter it is covered with dry branches, grass, spruce branches or spanbond.
How to prepare a pit?
First of all, you need to determine the size of the landing hole. If you just transplant an adult peony to a new place, then you need to dig a large pit. So that the width and depth is about 0.8 m. If there is a risk of waterlogging, then you need to make a drainage system. If you are laying drainage, then the pit needs to be deepened a little more (by 1m).
But in the case when you propagate a peony, then the size of the pit can be reduced to half a meter. Be that as it may, the hole must be made in such a way that the roots do not bend during landing, but remain straightened.
After digging a hole, it is necessary to lay organic fertilizers in it. Mullein is good. Immediately before planting, you can sprinkle a handful of potassium sulfate and superphosphate. Acidic soil is best deoxidized by adding slaked lime.
After planting, lightly compact the soil. If you see that the earth is heavily settling, you can add a little soil.
ON A NOTE. It is better to leave the pit for several days so that the earth settles in it. Peony does not really like the movement of the ground.
How to properly handle the roots when transplanting
So, you have a ready hole. Now you need to properly prepare the rhizome.
First of all, the roots should be washed with running water to remove the remnants of the old soil. This is necessary to examine the rhizome for wounds, as well as areas with signs of rot or fungal infection.
So that the adhering earth easily lags behind, soak the rhizome in a liquid for half an hour - 40 minutes.
After washing the roots, put the rhizome in a place protected from the sun and keep it there for about a day. This is done in order to give the roots flexibility, and so that they do not break when landing in the landing pit.
Next, divide the root. Damaged and diseased areas need to be cut off. The finished rhizome should be left for several hours in a fungicide solution (potassium permanganate is suitable), and the wounds should be treated with crushed activated carbon or Hetero-Auxin. Then again we dry the roots and plant.
How to choose a place to change
Peonies are perennials that love regular access to sunlight. Also, the flower must be protected from draft and cold wind. Another important rule - groundwater should not be close to the surface.
From soils, plants prefer soils with a high clay content. Although they feel quite good on chernozems.
Another point. Do not plant a flower closer than 2 meters from farm buildings. The fact is that the soil warms up there more. Peony does not like overheating. And do not plant the plant near large trees that will take away nutrients from the flower.
Do not plant peony bushes too close to each other. It will be difficult to plant them, and they also need space for growth.
Do peonies grow in the shade
The plant prefers bright light, but you can use slightly shaded areas. But with this arrangement, the flower significantly loses in decorativeness. Flowering becomes less plentiful and lush.
Therefore, when transplanting or propagating peonies, choose areas for bushes that will be well lit throughout most of the daylight hours.
It is allowed if in midday heat the flower will hide in the shadow of a tree. But it is better not to consider the completely dark areas of your garden for the future place of growth.
Is it possible to transplant a flower if it already has buds?
If a peony has released buds, then it is impossible to disturb him. This is because the plant directs all internal reserves to the formation of flowers. If you dig it at this time, then such a manipulation will become a great stress for the flower.
In the best case, he will depart within a few years, in the worst he will perish.
Transplanted peonies do not bloom
If the transplanted plants do not bloom in the first year after planting, then you should not be scared. If the procedure was carried out with the division of the rhizome, then flowering will occur after 2-3 years (and maybe all 5 years).
Also, those plants that you moved to a new place in the spring may not bloom. The fact is that peonies simply do not have time to gain strength in order to release buds.
If the plants that you moved to a new place last season or several years ago do not bloom, then this may be the case:
- Bad place for peonies: the flower does not have enough light, poor soil, etc .;
- Incorrect planting depth: the roots are too deep or, on the contrary, the roots are too close to the surface;
- Improper care. This is a whole range of reasons, including both the lack of regular watering and nutrition, and poor shelter in the winter;
- The kidneys are covered with earth;
- You started transplanting too weak a bush. This usually applies to young plants several years old;
- You water the plant incorrectly and fertilize.
What to do if peonies wilt after transplantation?
It happens that after the "relocation" peonies do not feel very well and begin to fade. In this case, the flowers need help.
First of all, normalize the watering mode. The plant may suffer from excess or lack of moisture. Secondly, do not forget to feed the flower. Preference should be given to potash-phosphorus fertilizers. You can buy ready-made fertilizers for flowering plants.
Be sure to inspect the bush for fungal infections and pests. If they are found, treat with fungicides and insecticides.
It also happens that a peony will fade if the separated part of the rhizome is too small, or there were few kidneys on it. To help the plant survive, you will have to periodically prune the leaves of the flower.
What is the division of the bush and how to conduct it correctly
Division of the bush is a method of propagation of peonies, in which the old large rhizome is cut into several parts and buried as separate plants.
The method of dividing the bush depends on its size. A small rhizome can be cut with a knife. Large specimens are divided using a peg. The main thing is to leave at least 3 kidneys on each separated rhizome. This will provide flowering in the near future. If the buds are less, then flowering will be delayed for 2-3 years.
IMPORTANT! Remember to sanitize the instrument before working.
The separated parts must be carefully inspected, removed damaged and rotten areas. After trimming is done. Everything that is located further than 20 cm from the neck is removed.
After this procedure, you need to conduct disinfection measures. Use fungicides, activated carbon, wood ash, or a strong potassium permanganate solution.
- A transplant is done too often. You need to transfer the flower every 7 to 10 years, but you should not do this more often (except in emergency);
- You buried a flower too deep. His kidneys can be sprinkled with a layer of earth no more than 4 cm.
- A transplant was carried out during the growing season. You can transplant a flower that has not yet woken up after the winter or is already ready to hibernate. If a peony has released buds, then it is impossible to disturb him.
- Fertilizers are poured on top of the roots. You must first lay fertilizers, then sprinkle them with earth, and only then lay the rhizome.
- Inaccurate procedure. You need to dig a hole with a margin so that the roots are straightened in it. You also need to carefully approach the digging of the plant so as not to injure the rhizome. Remember that the roots must be treated with potassium permanganate to prevent infection with the fungus!
- Lack of care for transplanted plants. Peony must be watered and sheltered from the cold. Also, do not forget to feed the plant and monitor its condition.
- Incorrectly selected flower location. He loves light areas with fairly heavy soils. It does not tolerate shade, drafts and close occurrence of groundwater.
Transplanting peonies from the old to the new place is a laborious and very responsible process.
You need to approach him wisely. If you do not want to destroy the plant, then strictly follow the transplantation algorithm, do not forget to properly prepare the holes for planting and pre-plant the rhizome.