We plant pepper for seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar
The process of growing seedlings is quite complicated. You need to choose the right time for planting seeds. Then you need to take care of them so that the seedlings do not disappear. And, finally, seedlings must be transplanted to a permanent place and make it so that they do not die from morning frost or drafts.
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In this article we will tell you how to properly plant pepper for seedlings in 2020 in accordance with the lunar calendar.
How to determine the time of sowing?
The summer season, in fact, begins in the winter, when there is a purchase of seeds for seedlings.
REFERENCE. When choosing pepper seeds, carefully study the information on the back of the pack. Most often, the manufacturer indicates the recommended time for planting seeds and transplanting seedlings in open and closed ground.
When determining the time of sowing pepper seeds, several factors must be taken into account:
- Features of the development and growth of culture;
- Lunar sowing calendar;
- Climatic features of your region.
So, pepper seeds germinate in about 8-12 days. Over the next few months, they grow, and then comes the time of planting peppers in a permanent place in a greenhouse or open ground.
ON A NOTE. In total, from the time of sowing seeds to harvesting, peppers develop within 80 - 120 days, depending on the variety.
It is also possible to accelerate the process of seed germination, if after sowing they are placed in a greenhouse with a temperature of around 30 degrees. But basically this is only done if the usual time for planting seeds has been missed.
When to sow pepper for seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar?
For a beginner summer resident, the lunar sowing calendar looks like a complex and incomprehensible table. But, in fact, everything is simple. There are only 3 rules to remember:
- It is necessary to carry out work on the growing moon;
- Do not plant on the days of the new moon and full moon, as well as on the waning moon;
- Do not plant in the days of Aquarius.
In accordance with these rules and produce sowing seeds.
Sowing pepper seeds depending on the moon phases
The moon has a direct effect on plants. It has been repeatedly noted that during the growing moon, plants develop better. And, on the contrary, seeds planted on a new moon sprout for a long time, seedlings are often sick, and productivity leaves much to be desired.
In accordance with these observations, summer residents came to the conclusion that it is better to engage in serious agricultural work (planting, transplanting, planting in the ground, diving seedlings, etc.) on days when the moon is increasing. On the waning moon, the current work is mainly performed: weeding, watering, feeding, harvesting. And in the days of the new moon and the full moon, many generally try not to carry out any work except, perhaps, weeding the beds.
In the table below, we presented information about the lunar phases in the first 5 months of 2020, that is, exactly when pepper seedlings are sown in our country.
|Month||Waxing Crescent||Full moon||Waning moon||New moon|
|January||1 – 9, 26 – 31||10||11 – 24||25|
|February||1 – 8, 24 – 29||9||10 – 22||23|
|March||1 – 8, 25 – 31||9||10 – 23||24|
|April||1 – 7, 24 – 30||8||9 – 22||23|
|May||1 – 6, 23 – 31||7||8 – 21||22|
Based on this table, you can independently plan the planting of seedlings of various varieties of pepper, as well as determine the days when it costs to engage in agricultural work and when you need to take a break.
Favorable days for sowing pepper in 2020, depending on the month
By carefully studying the lunar calendar, you can determine the most favorable days for sowing pepper in 2020.
Good days: 5, 9, 27, 28, 29.
Good days: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 24, 25, 28, 29.
Good days: 4, 5, 27, 28.
Good days: 1, 2, 24, 28.
Good days: 5, 25, 26.
Unsuccessful days for planting pepper on seedlings are the full moon, new moon, waning moon, and also the days when the moon is in the sign of Aquarius.
IMPORTANT! On a waning moon, it is better not to do landing, transplanting, picking, etc. These days, it is worthwhile to limit yourself to watering and top dressing seedlings.
The table below shows the days in the first five months of 2020, when you need to refrain from sowing pepper seeds for seedlings.
|January||24 – 26|
|February||9 – 11, 21 – 23|
|March||9, 10, 19-21, 23, 24|
|April||8, 15-17, 22, 23|
|May||7, 12-14, 21, 22|
REFERENCE. We have listed favorable and unsuccessful days in the calendar, but a few more numbers remain. These days are considered "neutral." At this time, you can plant seeds, pick, but the plants will not grow so actively, and the crop, ceteris paribus, will be average.
Landing according to time
In order not to be left without a crop, it is necessary to take into account the ripening speed of the pepper fruit. Later varieties need to be planted earlier, as these peppers develop for a long time. If you delay with their landing, then you can not get a crop at all.
Early peppers, on the contrary, are planted later. These species are developing faster.
Is it worth sowing in January - February?
In winter, there is little sun, and light days are short. This feature must be considered when sowing seeds. This means that seedlings will need to be illuminated with lamps and provide them with additional heat.
Peppers can be planted in January only in the southern regions and only for planting in greenhouses.
But the second half of February is quite suitable for sowing. Especially in the suburbs and the Middle Strip.
Sowing seeds in March, features
March is a favorable month for planting seedlings. Sunny day is constantly increasing, it is getting warmer.
Planting of seed material can be carried out both at the beginning of the month and at the end. It is only necessary to choose a suitable day according to the lunar calendar.
Sow in April
In April, seedlings are planted by residents of the coldest regions of our country. But also at this time peppers are planted in the South to get a late harvest in the greenhouse.
The most favorable days in April are the 1st and 2nd day, as well as the 24th and 28th.
When to sow in May?
If you plant seedlings in May, then you need to do this in the first days of the month. In addition, you have to grow peppers in a greenhouse. Even early ripe varieties ripen within 90 to 100 days after planting seeds. In open ground, culture can be grown only in the southern regions, where in September there is good warm weather.
The most successful days for planting pepper in May are on the 5th, 25th and 26th.
When to plant depending on the region?
The most important factor in planting pepper seeds for seedlings, of course, is the climate of the region. In the south of our country, sowing can be carried out almost immediately after the New Year, in order to plant peppers in a greenhouse already in early spring. But in the Northern regions, in the Urals and in Siberia, seeds should be sown as late as possible.
The fact is that peppers are a very thermophilic culture. Even small morning frosts can destroy young seedlings. Therefore, landing in the open ground is planned only when the threat of cooling has passed. And then, I must say, young seedlings are hidden under spanbond and halves of plastic bottles.
In Moscow and Moscow region
In the metropolitan area, the most successful days for planting seeds will be February 1, 2, 3.6, 7, 26, 27, 28, 29, and March 1, 4, 5, 6, 25, and 26.
It is better to choose mid-ripening varieties. Later varieties of pepper will not work, because by the time of their full ripening the first autumn frosts will already begin.
In the Middle Strip of Russia
In the Middle Strip of our country, the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings coincides with the Moscow region. The only thing is that residents of the Belgorod and Kursk regions can land a little earlier. For example, January 26 and 27.
But the summer residents of Smolensk, Lipetsk, Oryol, Ryazan, Voronezh regions, etc. it’s better not to rush and start work in mid-February.
In the Middle Strip, it is also worth giving preference to mid-season varieties. However, if you have a greenhouse, then you can think about growing early-ripening and late-ripening varieties of pepper.
In the Urals
The climate of the Ural Mountains is severe, but peppers can also be grown in this region. It is preferable, of course, to grow a crop in greenhouses, but you can also plant early-ripening varieties in open ground.
For sowing seeds, it is better to choose one of the following days: January 26, 27, February 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 26, 27, 28, February 29 and March 1, 4, 5, 6.
The Siberian climate is not like heat-loving peppers, so summer residents in this region have the hardest time. Summer is short, therefore, for seedlings you need to buy early and mid-season varieties of pepper.
It is best to plant seeds on February 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 26, 27, 28, 29 and March 1, 4, 5, 6.
How to choose the time for sowing in open ground?
Sowing time in open ground is selected in accordance with the climate of the region. On the street, the temperature should be at least 18 degrees. In addition, the seedlings should already be ready for planting.
In the southern regions, sowing time comes in May. In the middle lane - in late May - early June. In the Urals and Siberia - in the summer.
What time is suitable for planting in a greenhouse?
In 2020, April 18, 19, 24 - 30 April, May 1 - 3 will be good days for sowing pepper in the greenhouse.
But in addition to the calendar, you still need to focus on the state of seedlings. Seedlings should be strong, healthy and hardened. On the stem there should be more than 10 leaves and buds, and the height of the seedling should be at least 20 cm (except for undersized varieties).
Sowing season depending on the variety of pepper
It is very important to choose the appropriate variety of peppers. Otherwise, for example, seedlings can outgrow, and it will still be cold outside. Or vice versa. The time has come to plant seedlings in a permanent place, and the seeds have just sprouted.
To prevent this from happening, you need to remember about the approximate dates of germination of different varieties.
- Early varieties need about 90 days for the fruit to ripen after emergence.
- Mid-season varieties ripen for 120 days.
- Harvest later Pepper varieties are removed 140 days after the appearance of the first seedlings.
ON A NOTE. Dates are approximate. You always need to lay plus or minus 10 days, depending on the growing conditions, the quality of the seed and weather conditions for a particular year.
Features of sowing seeds
Even meeting deadlines does not guarantee success. Seeds still need to be planted correctly. The rules for sowing pepper seeds are as follows:
- The soil should be neutral, loose and not heavy;
- Seeds need to be sorted out. Those with damage are thrown away. The rest are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- You can also sprout seeds beforehand to speed up the germination process. To do this, they are wrapped in moist gauze and placed in a warm place.
- Seeds do not need to be buried too deep. They should be almost on the surface, only slightly sprinkled with soil.
- After planting, the soil needs to be watered. But you need to do this carefully so that the seeds are not washed out of the ground. Therefore, it is best to use a spray gun.
- Next, you need to create greenhouse conditions. To do this, cover the container with seeds with glass, a transparent plastic cover or a plastic bag.
- Periodically, such an impromptu “roof” needs to be removed in order to ensure an influx of fresh air and moisten the soil.
ON A NOTE. After 14 to 20 days, the first sprouts should hatch. If this does not happen, then you need to sow new seeds.
Pepper seedling care after germination
When the seeds sprout, they need to create certain conditions for growth.
- The most important thing that pepper needs is light. Seedlings should be lit at least 14 hours a day. This means you will need a backlight. It is also worth remembering that the light should be bright, but diffused. Direct sun will burn weak shoots.
- The temperature should be at room temperature or slightly higher (20 - 26 degrees). Do not allow the temperature to drop, and especially protect the seedlings from drafts.
- Peppers should be watered sparingly, avoiding overflows or drying out. Water for irrigation needs to be prepared in advance, standing for a couple of days. Water should be warm. It is best to melt snow or collect rainwater.
- Pepper seedlings need to be fed carefully. When the first shoots appear, pour them with a solution of potassium humate (5 ml per 2 liters of water).
- Do not despair if your seedlings are not very high. Even undersized varieties can bear fruit well. And often there are times when strong and tall seedlings die, and small ones grow and bear fruit.
- Late-ripening varieties are planted in a permanent place earlier. Peppers ripen long enough, and if they are transplanted too late, then you can simply not wait for the harvest.
- All the necessary information about the ripening dates, fruiting, etc. can be found on the back of the packet with seeds.
- Use only “fresh” seed material. Do not waste time germinating seedlings from seeds 3-5 years ago. Most likely, you will not succeed.
Frequently Asked Questions
For beginner summer residents, the process of growing seedlings is quite complicated, although, in fact, you just need to follow simple rules. However, some questions remain.
What to buy soil for growing seedlings?
For growing seedlings, universal soil is quite suitable. It can be bought at any flower or agricultural store.
If this is your first time sprouting, then try to find specialized soil.
Experienced summer residents can make the substrate on their own. To do this, take: 2 parts of humus, 2 parts of peat, 1 part of river sand. All components are thoroughly mixed and disinfected.
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth and a large, healthy crop?
To accelerate the growth of seedlings, to make them healthy and fertile, the seeds are treated with growth stimulants before planting. Suitable drugs are Epin and Zircon. The solution is prepared according to the instructions, after which the seed material is soaked in it.
NOTE! Before planting, the seeds must be washed with clean running water.
Why don't seeds germinate?
There are several possible causes for this problem:
- You sowed dry seeds.
- The seed material was of poor quality.
- You buried the seeds too deep.
Why soak the seeds?
The seeds are soaked to speed up the process of germination. Soaking can also determine which seeds do not sprout.
How to harden seedlings?
Hardening seedlings is an important procedure that is needed so that seedlings are accustomed to new climatic conditions. Hardening is carried out gradually. First, boxes with seedlings are put on the balcony for only an hour or two. But gradually the time increases until the seedlings will already spend the night on the street. But in this case, it must be covered. Spanbond or other covering material is suitable.
What to do if pepper seedlings do not grow?
This problem has several possible causes:
- Poor soil;
- Incorrect conditions (watering, temperature, humidity, lighting);
- Poor seed material.
To stimulate the development of seedlings, it is necessary to normalize the conditions of detention: increase daylight hours, properly water and feed the plants.
It is also advised to use growth stimulants. Suitable drugs are Zircon, Epin, Gumi, Energen, etc. Of folk remedies, a solution based on ammonia and yeast is best shown.
Read about how to prepare a drug from ammonia in our article “Ammonia in the garden.” Application. "
Pepper is in the top 3 crops grown by seedlings in our country. Proper sowing of seeds and care of seedlings in the first months are the key to the successful cultivation of pepper after planting in the garden or in the greenhouse.