When to harvest garlic planted in the winter
In our country, garlic is planted both in winter and spring. Moreover, most of the landings are traditionally done in the fall. Accordingly, in the summer, in July and August, it is time to harvest. However, in different regions, depending on the climate and environmental conditions, the timing of the harvesting campaign is somewhat different.
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In our article today, we will tell you when to dig out garlic and how to store it properly in winter. You will also learn how to determine that the crop is ready for harvesting, what features winter and spring varieties have.
How to determine that the garlic is ripe and its time to dig
To start harvesting, first of all, you need to make sure that the garlic is ripe. The fact is that unripe heads are not suitable for long-term storage. They have too thin scales, and they simply deteriorate ahead of time.
REFERENCE. If you like the taste of “young” garlic, you can dig it a little earlier and use it in cooking various dishes.
There are several basic signs by which you can determine whether garlic is ripe or dig it out too early. Typically, when determining the degree of maturation, at least 2 of them are oriented.
- The lower leaves dried up and turned yellow. The garlic is ripe and ready to be dug up when the lower leaves dry. At the same time, the upper shoots also turn yellow and become slightly lethargic. Please note that if the leaves completely wilted and died, it means that you were late with the harvest. In this case, urgently need to dig out the heads from the ground.
- The “arrow” straightened. Arrows in winter varieties in the process of plant development curl and straighten only when fully ripened. Many summer residents remove them back in June during agricultural work. But it’s much more logical to leave a few arrows on the plants in order to determine the harvesting time from them.
- Inflorescences burst. Harvest time to take off, if the seeds growing on the tips of the inflorescence leaves become visible. By the way, these seeds can not be thrown away, but left and used as seed.
- The bulb is dense with easily detachable cloves. Ripe garlic bulb is quite dense. It is covered with several layers of husk. The teeth are easily separated from each other. To determine the degree of ripening on the bulbs, it is enough to dig out 2-3 heads from the beds. Do not keep garlic in the ground for longer than necessary. Overriding, it cracks and becomes unsuitable for long winter storage.
How to choose the time on the lunar calendar?
If you focus on the lunar calendar when harvesting, then the favorable days for the work are as follows:
- July: 5 – 8, 15 – 30.
- August: 1, 3, 11, 12, 14 – 17, 26, 29, 30.
IMPORTANT! When choosing a cleaning date for the lunar calendar, do not forget to take into account the climatic features of your region and weather conditions on a particular day. If it rains on a favorable day, it is better to transfer the work to another number.
When to harvest garlic planted for the winter
Winter varieties ripen in about 90 - 110 days from the appearance of the first seedlings. Early ripe plants and small cloves mature in about 90 to 95 days. Late varieties - in 110 days.
On average, garlic harvesting begins in July. The reference is a church holiday, the day of Peter and Paul. In more southern regions, the ripening process is faster than in the North-West, Urals or Siberia. Therefore, work is carried out earlier
REFERENCE. The ripening period in each year depends on the time of the onset of spring and weather in the summer. For example, due to the heat and arid weather, garlic matures more slowly.
Spring garlic cleaning
Spring varieties are planted in spring and ripen much later than winter varieties. Harvesting usually occurs in August. And in the northern regions, work begins at all in the first ten days of September.
INTERESTING. Spring varieties are stored longer and do not dry out, but winter crops have more heads, and they are better cleaned.
There is one little trick to harvesting spring garlic. If you dig it a little earlier than the due date, then it will ripen already during drying.
How to choose the time of excavation depending on the terrain
The harvest of garlic in our country begins in July. This month, winter varieties are dug up, and spring crops are harvested in August.
In cold or, on the contrary, too dry and hot summers, the timing of garlic ripening is slightly shifted. But usually not very much, 5-7 days.
In Belarus, garlic harvesting begins in the second decade of July (usually from the day of Peter and Paul) and lasts until the end of the month.
In outskirts of Moscow
In the metropolitan area, winter garlic is being dug up in the second decade of July. The harvesting in Tver, Vladimir, Kostroma is similar in terms of time. Spring varieties begin to be harvested at the end of August. The harvesting campaign continues until mid-September.
In the southern regions
In the Kuban, Caucasus and Crimea, garlic is dug up the earliest. The harvesting campaign in these regions usually starts at the very beginning of July. And “for food” they dig up garlic here at the end of June.
Beyond the Urals, harvesting of winter varieties begins in the 20th of July. In cold summers, dates may shift closer to early August.
In the middle lane
In areas of Central Russia, they begin to harvest winter garlic on July 8-10 and continue to harvest the flesh until the end of the month. Harvesting spring crops begin in mid-August.
IMPORTANT! If precipitation is predicted for the second half of July, it is better to hurry with the harvest. So you save the heads from moisture, which increases the drying time and adversely affects the shelf life.
Harvesting garlic is the simplest task that anyone can handle. But even here there are a few tricks.
- Reduce watering. Around the middle of June, watering the beds should be less frequent and not so plentiful. 7-10 days before digging, watering is generally stopped. This is done so that the scooped garlic is dry and does not rot.
- Loosen the soil 2-3 days before harvesting. This is necessary to provide air access to the garlic head.
- Speed up ripening. A week before the expected date of harvest, rake a little top layer of earth from the head. Another way to accelerate ripening is to tie the leaves into a knot.
- Harvest in dry weather. So the heads will not get wet and will not rot. In addition, raw garlic will have to dry longer.
- Dig with a pitchfork, not a shovel. For harvesting, it is best to use a pitchfork or any other similar tool. So you do not hurt the heads. In addition, garlic beds are usually planted quite often, and digging with a shovel will simply be uncomfortable.
- Do not store damaged heads. If in the process of digging you accidentally hit the head, then you can not leave it in storage. Just use it for cooking. Rotten garlic is best discarded.
- Carefully clean up loose soil with your hands. If the earth is stuck to the heads, then you need to clean them with your hands. You can not shake and beat against each other. So the teeth are damaged and the husk crumbles.
- Sort. Large heads can be used as seed for the future summer season.
How to store harvested garlic
Harvested must be prepared for long-term storage. First of all, the heads need to be dried for 1.5 weeks. There is nothing complicated in this procedure. You just need to put all the assembled heads in a dry place protected from rain.
In arid regions, garlic is left to dry directly on the beds, but in this case there is always a chance of precipitation. Therefore, for drying, it is best to choose a place under the roof. For example, a barn, a summer terrace or a covered balcony.
After the garlic has dried out well, it needs to cut the tops and roots. If this is not done, then it is highly likely that garlic will germinate in a warm room in winter. The optimal length of the left roots is 3-5 mm.
TIP. Pruning should be done with clippers or secateurs so as not to damage the garlic bulbs.
There are many ways to store garlic. Consider the most popular of them.
- In banks and clay pots. A jar or pot must be washed and dried. After laying the garlic, the jars do not roll up, but simply cover and put in a dry place. Also now in stores you can buy special clay pots for storing onions and garlic.
- In kapron tights. This method is not too aesthetic in appearance, but very effective. The heads of garlic are folded into stockings and tights and then suspended from the ceiling. A very efficient and inexpensive way to store.
- In nets and bags. This is a more cultivated version of the previous method. Sacks and nets can be bought at any hardware store.
- In cardboard or wooden crates and boxes. One of the most popular ways to store garlic is to sprinkle it in a cardboard box and put it under the table or in the pantry.
- In the "braids". This is an old way of storing garlic. But for its application it is impossible to cut the tops off the heads. The essence of the method is that you weave garlic leaves into braids and hang them on the walls or ceiling.
In addition to the above, there are other storage methods. For example, in paraffin, in oil, in alcohol in powdered form.
Garlic is well stored in almost any environment, but it is best to keep it cool with an air humidity of 60 - 80%. If the room is too dry, then the heads will dry out quickly, and if too wet, they will rot.
With increased humidity, the shelf life is reduced to 60 - 90 days.
When harvesting garlic, it is best to focus not on a specific date, but on the appearance of the plant itself. In different years, climatic conditions can be different. If the summer is cold and rainy, then ripening will occur later. If it’s hot and dry, then a little earlier.
But in any case, by external signs, you can easily determine the correct time for harvesting garlic.