How to care for amaryllis at home?
Amaryllis - this plant in the wild is mainly found in southern Africa, in Russia this exotic plant is grown at home. Moreover, Amaryllis is so unpretentious that even novice growers can grow it by force.
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- Yandex Zen
How to care after purchase?
You can buy this exotic flower already blooming, but sometimes its bulbs also go on sale. When buying the latter, you need to pay attention to its outer layer - its surface is usually smooth, even and dry, the roots are white, and the color of the leaves (if any) is uniform.
After planting, the bulbs are not watered until sprouts appear. Defective places are carefully removed from slightly damaged bulbs, treated with a disinfectant solution and dried for 24 hours.
In order for the flower to not go cold in the room, it needs to provide the proper conditions. Although the plant is unpretentious, but there are a number of requirements that must be adhered to in order to feel comfortable in the new conditions.
The air temperature in the room where amaryllis grows, you need to maintain during the daytime within 17.5-24.5 ° C, but at night it should not fall below 18 ° C.
It should not be allowed that there is a big difference between day and night temperatures - this is detrimental to this "pet".
When the rest period begins, the container with amaryllis should be kept in a shaded, cool place, the temperature regime in which is maintained in the region of 10 ° C.
When the heating season begins, or in the heat of the room where the plant stands, you need to ventilate more often.
Humidity in the room must be maintained at 60%. If it is too low, then spraying the foliage of the flower is not recommended; it is better to put a container of water near the pot. Foliage can be periodically wiped with a sponge - soft and damp.
Lighting should be bright, but direct sunlight is harmful to amaryllis - under their influence, foliage and flowers fade and become dull. In hot time, the plant is shaded from 12 to 15 hours of the day. It is better not to install pots with this indoor flower on windows that open to the southwest or southeast.
Need to know! In summer, daylight hours for amaryllis should be about 16 hours. Otherwise, the formation of buds will not be so plentiful. And the color of the petals is less intense.
For flower stalks to grow straight, the flower pot should be rotated in different directions towards the light during the day.
In what cases do you need support?
The peduncles of amaryllis are quite strong and strong and calmly withstand the severity of blooming buds.
However, sometimes they still need support, for example, when the flower pot is rotated around its axis, providing the flowers with uniform illumination.
In this case, under the weight of the unfolding flowers without support, the pot may fall.
Choose a place to put
You can place this pet "pet" in any place, if only there was enough light for it. Ideally, the flowers should be placed on the southeast and southwest windows, and from direct sunlight they should be covered with curtains.
What does it look like in the interior?
A bulbous plant with basal foliage of the xiphoid shape, which grows in a couple of rows, with an erect thick peduncle up to 0.6 m high - this is amaryllis. At the top of the peduncle reveals an inflorescence in the form of an umbrella, consisting of 3-5 buds. Blooming, they can be up to 2.4-4 cm in radius. the color of the petals can be different and depends on the particular variety.
Care at different times of the year
This "pet" from Africa has distinct periods of dormancy, active growth and flowering, so you need to take care of it based on this.
In the spring
In late February - early March, containers with bulbs are transferred from the pantry to the windowsills, watering can also be started so that the bulbs “wake up” and foliage growth is activated.
Many flower growers are specially engaged in the distillation of amaryllis for certain holidays, for this it is enough to transfer the pots with bulbs to a bright warm room a couple of months before the desired date for the appearance of the flowers and resume watering.
The frequency and amount of watering depends on the general condition of the flower, how dry the soil is in the containers. During the period of active growth of the vegetative mass, organic matter and mineral substances should be introduced into the earth so that the amaryllis has enough nutrition before the onset of dormancy.
In the last decade of May - the first decade of June, watering is carried out as the upper part of the earth dries. Fertilize should be the same as in the spring - once every 13 days. You should not use top dressing, where there is a lot of nitrogen, because this element often causes burns on the bulbs.
In the autumn, such a green "pet" begins to prepare for a state of rest, therefore you need to stop applying fertilizers to the soil, and also gradually reduce the number of irrigation, in the last decade of October - the second decade of November, completely stopping them.
At this time, the flower begins to drop foliage, which completely falls by the end of November. Pruning of yellowing leaves should not be done - in the process of yellowing and decay, all useful substances from the foliage go into the bulb, where they are stored until the next flowering period.
It may be that the last few leaves do not die off in early November. Then they can be bent to the soil, or cut off at the surface, saving space on shelves where containers with onions are stored for storage until spring.
In early December, containers with plants are “hidden” in a cool place where the temperature should not be kept below 0 ° C. But the optimum temperature regime where sleeping pets are kept should be around + 6-11⸰С. Such places can be: a cool dark pantry, a winter garden, or a heated greenhouse.
Important! These bulbous plants are not resistant to frost, and any drop in temperature below 0 ° C can be fatal for them.
For the winter, bulbs can not be dug out of containers, they are well wintered in the ground. Although the plant is at rest, moisture is periodically required for its roots, so a small amount of water is added to the pots every 17-21 days.
In this state, the bulbs are kept for at least 2-2.5 months.
Amaryllis flowering conditions
In order for the plants to bloom actively, it is necessary to select small pots for them - according to the volume of the bulbs. The soil is selected loose and fertile with a pH of about 6.
What to do after flowering?
The main requirements for good flowering is the creation of normal lighting and a certain irrigation regime. Do not allow stagnation of moisture in the soil, nor can you pour water directly on the bulb - you need to moisten the soil around it.
Amaryllis can be fed with any fertilizer for indoor flowers - “Emerald”, “Bona Forte”, “Kemira Lux”, “Agricola” and other similar preparations.
Important! When choosing fertilizers for amarallis, the emphasis should be on those preparations that contain a large amount of phosphorus and potassium and a minimum of nitrogen.
The first fertilizers are applied to the soil during the appearance of buds; the regime of their application is every 12-14 days. When the flowers bloom, the frequency of feeding increases - they are applied every 6-7 days.
Care after flowering
Immediately after flowering is complete, it is necessary to gradually reduce the amount of watering, and stop feeding completely, as the plant begins to gradually prepare for a dormant state.
The foliage of the plants gradually dies itself, so it is not necessary to trim it. All fallen leaves are collected and destroyed.
Does the plant need a dormant period
Amaryllis definitely needs a dormant period, since the bulbs should rest after abundant flowering, gain strength for active growth and flowering in the next season.
If flower growers help the plant go into a dormant state, then they will extend the life of their flowering pet.
Transplant this flower should be no more than once every 3-4 season. This procedure should be done after the plant has completely faded.
For a couple of days before replanting the bulbs, you need to moisten the soil in a pot abundantly. And only then the flower is carefully taken out of the container together with a lump of earth (it must then be gently shaken off on bedding paper or newspaper).
Bulb and roots are carefully inspected, damaged, dried or rotten parts will be removed. The places of cuts must be treated with crushed charcoal.
If there are children on the bulbs, then they must be carefully separated and then used to propagate the plants.
Then the bulb can be transferred to a new pot with a nutrient substrate. You can also additionally stick sticks of mineral fertilizers into the soil next to the plant.
Before planting the bulbs, you need to choose the right capacity - it should not be too large or small. The size of the container is usually larger than the bulb by a few cm. There must be a drainage hole in the bottom.
A layer of draining material (fine expanded clay, small pebbles or pieces of bricks) is placed at the bottom of the tank.
Then a layer of nutritious soil mixture is placed, a bulb is placed in it with a blunt end and it is covered with the remaining soil. The bulb should rise above the ground by about 1/3. The soil is compacted and watered. Then containers with planted bulbs can be moved to a permanent place.
These flowers multiply by children, which are carefully separated from the mother's bulb during the transplantation of amaryllis. Children leave in the open air for drying, prepare small pots for them, fill them with drainage material and soil, as when planting adult bulbs.
After planting the children, the pots are also placed in a lit place for further growth. Typically, such young plants bloom in 3-4 seasons after the planting of children in pots.
You can also propagate this plant by dividing the bulbs and seeds.
Amaryllis is not pruned, since its foliage and peduncles gradually turn yellow after the end of the flowering period and fall off themselves. If two or three leaves are left on the flower by the end of autumn, then they can be carefully cut at a height of 2.5-3 cm from the top of the bulb.
Plant rejuvenation can be done by dividing the bulb. To do this, it is divided into 3-4 parts, not cutting to the end, and planted in a container. On each of the parts must be flakes and part of the bottom with roots. Slices are treated with charcoal.
Bulbs are planted in the usual way, while the room temperature is maintained in the region of 25-26 ° C.
When a pair of leaflets appears on the dividends, they can be transplanted into separate pots.
Water for irrigation of growing bulbs should be filtered and have room temperature.
The frequency of irrigation during the period of growth and flowering of plants is selected individually, making sure that the soil is constantly moist, but without moisture stagnation.
After the last flowers have fallen on the peduncles, the number of waterings is gradually reduced, by the end of autumn stopping them completely.
During the period of active leaf growth and the appearance of buds, fertilizers under Amaryllis are applied every 12-14 days. TOwhen the buds begin to bloom on the peduncles, the number of top dressings is increased to once every 6-8 days.
After the flowers have fallen, top dressing gradually ceases.
Experts say that this flower is self-pollinated, therefore, the presence of pollinating insects and additional pollination are not required - in one flower there is a pestle and stamens.
Pollen from the stamens falls on the opened pestle, so pollination occurs. But many flower growers themselves can use a cotton swab to transfer loose pollen to an open pestle, and after a couple of months a box with seeds will appear in place of the petals.
Diseases and Pests
The main diseases that a plant can ache are as follows:
- gray rot;
- root rot.
Amaryllis can also be invaded by the following "harmful" bugs:
- onion tick;
- false shield;
Fighting diseases and pests is always easier at the very beginning, so you need to regularly inspect indoor plants in order to notice the first signs of damage to the aboveground or underground parts.
How to reanimate?
Even with the appearance of symptoms of rot of the bulb, you can try to resuscitate.
To do this, they remove all damaged places, and the sections are treated with any antiseptic.
Then dried and processed in "Maxim".
After that, the affected bulbs are removed in a dark place for a couple of days.
Before planting, you need to inspect the bulb again and remove all dried parts.
In most cases, the bulbs subsequently "recover" and normally grow.
Benefits and harm to humans
Amaryllis does not have special negative qualities that are dangerous to humans. But it can absorb some allergenic "aromas" emitted by plastic and synthetic substances, pleasing to the eye, some of its varieties may have a delicate and delicate aroma.
Among the common mistakes that flower growers make when growing this indoor plant, it should be noted:
- non-compliance with irrigation regime;
- insufficient lighting;
- feeding and irrigation when the plant is at rest;
- untimely treatment of a flower against diseases or pests.
It is enough to follow the basic rules for the care of Amaryllis, as the plant will be transformed before our eyes.
Answers to popular questions
Below you will find answers to the most popular questions that beginner gardeners ask when growing amaryllis.
Why is it growing poorly?
The main reasons this flower may grow poorly may be as follows:
- the underground part of the plant is too depleted, as there are not enough nutrients in the soil;
- the attack of "harmful" bugs, due to the fight against which there is no strength for growth and flowering;
- not enough light;
- waterlogged or too dry soil;
- the apartment is too cold;
- the plant did not have a dormant period;
- the bulb is too deep in the ground.
Why doesn’t it give new shoots?
In this flower, new sprouts are formed annually, but if they do not appear after the plants have been transferred to a warm place for distillation, then:
- not enough moisture in the ground;
- bulb damaged by rot or severely depleted;
- too many children, the growth of which takes the strength of the mother's bulb.
How often does it bloom?
Most Amaryllis varieties bloom only once per season. But it happens that some instances can bloom again. The main thing is that the flowering should end before the onset of the dormant season.
Find out more from the video below:
This home flower does not require special care, has a beautiful decorative appearance (especially during flowering). Pots with flowers can be placed on window sills or special racks, the main thing is that they have enough light and moisture.