Does bloom save the phillum? We will identify the reasons, tell you how to make “Women's happiness” bloom
Spathiphyllum is an indoor flower, which is also called "Feminine happiness." Counted over 45 species of plants. In the wild, plants of this species prefer high humidity and grow along rivers and on marshy soils. It was first cultivated in Europe since the 19th century.
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The flower fits well into any interior and has a long flowering period. But what if he refuses to bloom?
Interesting! The name of the flower consists of two Greek words: spathe - means “veil” in translation, and phyllon - “leaf”. Indeed, when you look at the inflorescence of this plant, it seems as if the petal of the flower covers the peduncle with seeds.
The flower itself is the “ear”. In case of pollination, it may form fruits.
Flowering can be divided into two stages. At the first stage, pollen forms in the plant and the first phase begins - female.
The second stage is the male phase, anthers open at the flower, inflorescences cease to perceive pollen. This process interferes with self-pollination.
How often does it bloom?
Usually, “Feminine Happiness” blooms once a year. It blooms around March-April. In some housewives, spathiphyllum blooms twice a year. The second flowering is observed in the fall. The duration of the process depends on the conditions created for the plant. For some gardeners, “Feminine Happiness” pleases with flowers for 4-5 months.
Now let's talk about the conditions of the flower, as it directly depends on them, the pet will begin to give peduncles or not.
The optimal temperature for the flower is 18-20 degrees. In the summer, it is allowed to rise to 27 degrees. A temperature above 32 degrees has a detrimental effect on “Women's happiness”. A sharp decrease in the regime adversely affects the plant, but it can survive a short-term drop of up to 13 degrees.
Attention! In order to cause flowering, it is necessary to create a temperature regime for the flower in the region of 17-20 degrees for 2-3 months.
In the natural environment spathiphyllum grows in conditions of high humidity, therefore, at home humidity in the region of 50% is required.
In the summer, it is advisable to spray a flowerpot with a flower at least 3 times a week, soft, settled water at room temperature.
We also recommend wiping the leaves with a damp cloth once every two weeks.
Direct sunlight, which can cause burns, is contraindicated in the flower. Need diffused light, moderate lighting. In winter, needs bright light. It tolerates partial shade. If the leaves become smaller, this can be considered a signal of a lack of light.
Western and eastern windows are best suited. It also tolerates shade well, so you can put it on the northern windowsill. South windows should be avoided, or create a shade so that there are no burns and drying out of the leaves.
Attention! Drafts are fatal to "Women's happiness." It is not recommended to place a pot where windows often open.
Why doesn’t bloom?
There are several reasons why a flower refuses to bloom.
- The plant lacks nutrients. The earth in the pot is depleted and fertilizing is necessary.
- The roots of the plant are rotten and in poor condition.
- On the contrary, an excess of fertilizer. The introduced nitrogen fertilizers make it possible to increase the green mass of spathiphyllum, but at the same time they do not contribute to the formation of flower primordia.
- “Feminine happiness does not have enough moisture in the soil or the flower is simply flooded.
- The plant stands in a place where there are constant drafts.
- The flower has outgrown a flowerpot and needs a transplant.
- Wrong pot selected. The capacity with the plant is too large, until the roots fill all the space provided, flowering may not occur.
- Lighting does not fit the flower, there is either an excess of sunlight, or, on the contrary, too much shade.
- The plant is still too young, or is experiencing stress after transplantation, or a change in location.
- Ripe flower stalks were not trimmed correctly, or vice versa, their removal did not occur. The signal that the peduncle needs to be cut is a change in the color of the petal, next to the cob. It should turn cream or light green.
- Perhaps your pet was struck by pests, or the plant is sick.
Attention! Spathiphyllum loves top dressing.
How to make bloom?
First of all, you need to identify the reason why the plant stopped flowering. Check out the points above, maybe one of the above gives a similar effect.
If you are sure that you are properly caring for the plant, and it refuses to produce buds, then we offer you several ways to induce flowering in the plant.
We remove the plant from bright light and put the pot in a light partial shade. 2-3 weeks watering is not performed. When the leaves begin to fall down a bit, be sure to follow this moment.
Water a little flower, and keep it dry for another week.
Next, we transfer the pot to a bright place, we begin to water the flower as the earthen coma dries out with standing water.
Then we begin to introduce fertilizing into the flower’s diet. Once a week, we begin to feed the plant with fertilizer. One subcortex should be organic, the second mineral and so on. In a month, the spathiphyllum should bloom.
In autumn, we find a cool room in the house, but where the temperature is not lower than 15 degrees. Transfer the plant there. Watering in this case is rarely carried out, otherwise the tips of the leaves may begin to blacken, the plant will begin to hurt.
After about a month, we place the plant in a warm place, the flower will begin to bloom again.
- During flowering, the plant spends more energy, so as soon as the buds begin to form, the plant needs to be fed.
- During flowering, watering is carried out more often, but at the same time we make sure that there is no overmoistening.
- During this period, the plant needs bright diffused light.
- The temperature should be around 20 degrees.
- If the air is dry, then the plant needs to be sprayed additionally from the spray gun
Care after flowering
When the plant has bloomed, dried flower stalks must be cut off at the very base, otherwise the plant may refuse to bloom in the future.
If the roots are visible from the container, then the flower must be transplanted into a larger container. We transplant spathiphyllum into a pot, which is 1-2 cm larger than the previous one. Young flowers transplanted once a year, older plants every 3 years.
On a note! Transplanting is always a stress for the plant, therefore it is carried out only as necessary.
In the period from spring to autumn, top dressing is applied 1 time in 2 weeks.
In winter, the frequency of fertilizer increases up to once a week.
For top dressing, you need to use both organic and mineral fertilizer.
Mineral fertilizers are selected without impurities of lime. Fertilizer concentration should not be high.
It is better to take special dressings, but also dressings: "Flower", "Azalea" are also suitable. Complex formulations may also be used.
From organic fertilizers, tea or coffee tea leaves can be used.
Sometimes spathiphyllum does not bloom because there is too little space in the pot. In this case, you need to transplant the plant into a large container.
The pot during transplantation should be larger by about 1.5-2 cm in diameter. Otherwise, until the flower fills the entire allocated space with the roots, it will not bloom.
A rare transplant causes depletion of the soil, the roots receive less oxygen, and root decay may occur.
Be sure to add drainage to the bottom of the pot, otherwise the excess moisture will not go away, and the plant will begin to die. The soil mixture is best purchased at a specialized store.
It is not advisable to transplant a flowering plant. If there is a need for transplantation, for example, you recently purchased a plant, then we transplant “Feminine happiness” as carefully as possible so as not to damage the roots.
Diseases and Pests
A flower damaged by disease or pests may not bloom. Consider the most common ailments.
Aphid. It can be of different colors: white, green, black. It feeds mainly on plant juices. Located at the bottom of the flower.
Folding or shrinking leaves may indicate the presence of these pests. The danger of the pest is that it spreads quickly and can infect other plants. The fight can be carried out with the help of special drugs.
Spider mite. The tick has a red color. Lives on the underside of foliage. Gradually, the pest covers the plant with a sticky liquid and a cobweb, actually you can recognize the pest from it. You can deal with it with a solution of tobacco and soap. Or insecticides.
Answers on questions
Why only leaves leaves?
If spathiphyllum actively forms foliage, but does not bloom, then this indicates that you have overdone with nitrogen fertilizers. It is necessary to reduce nitrogen-containing fertilizing.
What time does it bloom?
Traditionally, flowering occurs in April and continues through August. But for some gardeners, “Feminine Happiness” blooms a second time in the fall. Flowering also occurs in February. It all depends on the conditions you created.
Why is it blooming green?
Most often, white flowers are found in spathiphyllums, but it happens that the plant blooms green. This indicates the varietal characteristics of the flower. For example, the variety “Adorable” initially has a greenish color.
Also, the flower turns green when its flowering period is coming to an end.
Too bright the sun, can also give a similar effect in white varieties. Sometimes abundant top dressing also makes buds turn green.
Common mistakes include the following:
- The location of the flower in the draft. The flower in this case can not only not bloom, but also die;
- Too active top dressing;
- Frequent watering, which leads to rotting of the roots.
Learn more about flowering spathiphyllum from the video below:
“Feminine happiness” may not bloom for many reasons. It is enough to eliminate them and your darling will again please the flowering.