How to fertilize strawberries in the spring?
With the onset of heat, it's time to think about the future harvest. One of the most popular and beloved by all cultures is strawberries, so the question of how to grow a rich and tasty crop is more relevant than ever. Today we’ll talk about how and what to feed strawberries in spring.
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What types of spring dressing are there?
Before you make any fertilizers, the first thing you need to do is prepare the plant and remove the “consequences” of winter.
You should inspect the bushes, remove the dead, clean the beds from foliage and other debris and cut off the extra antennae.
Remote plants should be burned so that the pests do not spread, and the extra processes need only be trimmed. Hands can not be cut off.
If you decide to plant new plants, then you should do it right away so that the plant grows stronger by the season.
Having done these not complicated manipulations, we proceed to fertilizer.
And top dressing can be root and extra root. Let's consider in more detail.
Root dressing involves the direct application of fertilizers into the ground, closer to the roots of the plant.
Using this method, very often, nutrients are scattered at a small distance from the bush and are dug to a depth of about 9 cm. Or, they are applied under the root of the strawberry. Then the topsoil should be about 2 cm.
For initial feeding, which is carried out when the plant grows green mass and during the budding period, chicken droppings or manure are perfect.
Sprinkle a thin layer of organics and make a small hilling. And in the same period, you can additionally water the plant with organic matter. For a solution you will need a liter of mullein and a bucket of water. All this is thoroughly mixed and spilled every bush.
Next feeding It is aimed at increasing the size and taste of the berry, so it is advisable to use minerals. Feeding is carried out at a time when the berries are just beginning to tie.
You can add mineral fertilizers in two ways: after watering, sprinkle the granules in dry form or dissolve them in water and water the bushes. In the form of a solution, nutrients are absorbed faster by the roots.
Third feeding It is very important, because it is produced in the process of fruit formation. You can use mineral substances again, but if you are afraid of “chemistry”, then you can make harmless fertilizer yourself.
The recipe is simple: weeds and water. The grass is crushed and filled with water in a ratio of 1 to 3. The solution must be allowed to infuse for a week, but mixing it daily. After 7 days, the healthy and safe fertilizer is ready to use.
Nutrients can come not only through the roots, but also through the leaves. The foliar method of fertilizing is an ordinary spraying.
It is possible to feed in the foliar way also with organic or minerals.
Substances such as phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen, well stimulate the growth of fruits. But for those who worry about the “safety” of berries, organic substances are recommended. This will not increase fertility so much, but it certainly will not contain “chemistry”.
When spraying, it is imperative to pay attention to each bush so that everyone receives the necessary portion of vitamins. With outlets you need to be careful so as not to flood them. It is recommended to loosen the soil a little so that the liquid that has fallen on the ground is absorbed into the root system.
One of the popular fertilizers for foliar feeding is ash. To prepare the solution, you need to fill 1 kg of ash with several liters of boiled warm water and leave for a day. Then spread the gruel into two buckets and dilute with water. The fertilizer is ready.
Important!For spraying, pick up a day without rain and wind.
Foliar top dressing can be:
- low mobility, that is, consisting of boron, copper, iron.
- highly mobile, that is, mixtures based on phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen. To further protect the culture from insects and diseases, supplementation is supplemented with insecticides and fungicides.
Experienced gardeners recommend alternating foliar feeding with root. This will help to better protect the plant from pests and enrich the plant with the necessary trace elements.
When to start top dressing in spring?
There are no fixed dates for the beginning of feeding, it rather depends on weather and climatic conditions. But if possible, it is better to start fertilizing as early as possible.
When the summer cottage is not far from the city and there is the opportunity to arrive there at the end of winter, then you can start feeding with snow.
You can just throw the fertilizer granules through the melt snow. And they will dissolve in water and enter the soil to the roots. To do this, you can use wood ash or mineral fertilizers.
If you get to the site only on dry ground, then fertilizers are applied when loosening. They must also be scattered across the beds and mixed with soil, and then watered. Or use liquid top dressing right away.
When there is no water on the site, and the land has already dried up, you need to fertilize before the rain or immediately spray the plants with a solution of minerals. There is not much water required for strawberries, so you can bring it with you.
For each natural and climatic conditions, its own scheme is chosen. That is, the first lure, each installs individually.
Attention! If strawberries were planted in the spring of this year, that is, the culture of the first year of life, then it has not yet had time to spend its supplies and therefore such a plant does not need to be fed in the spring again.
Feeding steps and schemes
Strawberry dressing should be carried out in three main stages:
- Spring fertilizer
- Fertilizer after harvest
- Fertilizer in summer or autumn, in preparation for winter
But it is not necessary to blindly follow this plan, it is more accurate to take into account the individual characteristics of just your plant.
Here you need to remember that if you oversaturated strawberries in the spring, the harvest will no longer be, but just the opposite. An excess of fertilizing will help to grow the green part, and in the worst case, expose the plant to the disease. This is due to the fact that the plant will fight with excess trace elements, and the basic processes are violated and the immunity will significantly decrease.
The scheme by which strawberries are fertilized:
- Early spring. The beds are cleaned of leaves, and with the help of liquid fertilizer every bush is shed.
- During the budding period, strawberries are fertilized twice, with an interval of a week.
- July August. When the crop is already harvested, feed the plants and tear off the old leaves.
- September. To prepare the plant for winter.
Top dressing during flowering
The logical question that arises among summer residents is how to properly feed the crop when the fruiting process has begun and how to increase it ?!
When the first fruits are formed, that is, in the summer, strawberries need potassium. After the appearance of berries, between the rows should be scattered or pour wood ash. One handful per bush or 0.5 liquid mixture.
To prepare a liquid solution, you need to take 2 cups of ash and insist in boiling water for about 3 hours, then dilute with warm water (10 liters).
Other mineral dressings need to be bred according to the instructions, do not experiment.
The fruit bears a berry of the order of three weeks, plus / minus, depending on the variety. Fertilizing during this period is also necessary.
The most universal fertilizer is a solution of mullein in water, a proportion of 1 to 15. A similar solution will be obtained from chicken manure, in a ratio of 1 to 10. It is also possible to use fertilizers that were used in early spring, but it is better to alternate them.
After the harvest is already harvested, do not forget to rake, water and feed the plant. During this period, the roots, the green layer grow actively and the buds are laid for the next harvest season.
If this year you need to mow the leaves of the culture, then do it after fruiting, no need to tighten. Otherwise, the plant may not recover enough by the season.
Differences in the nutrition of adults and young plants
It is already quite clear that feeding strawberries is a very important procedure. Therefore, it is worth noting that the fertilizer of young and last year's bushes is different.
If we are talking about freshly planted bushes, then spring top dressing is skipped.
And if the soil was not prepared so carefully, then fertilizers can be applied once, after loosening and cleaning the beds. In this case, a solution is suitable: 1 hour spoon of sodium sulfate, 0.5 chicken droppings (cow manure) - dilute in a bucket of water. Watering: 1 liter - 1 bush.
Fertilizing last year's strawberries occurs in three stages:
- The weather was warm, the beds were cleaned and the soil was loosened.
- Before strawberry blooms
- When the crop is harvested
What fertilizers are there?
If someday the question arises - is it possible to grow strawberries in simple, in your opinion, “good” soil, then the answer is unequivocal - no. Land for this culture is necessary to feed. Here the question is different - which fertilizer is better to choose.
One, universal and year-round fertilizer for strawberries does not exist. Here you have to understand them and alternate.
- Organic fertilizers. This is ash, dung, humus or compost. They can be used in pure saw or dissolved in water.
- Mineral fertilizers. Phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. Can be used in granules or infusions of them.
- Complex fertilizers. This is a mixture of several types of mineral salts.
- Microfertilizers. Fertilizers containing manganese, copper, boron and other trace elements.
Let's analyze a little more.
One-component mineral fertilizers include:
- Nitrogen. Contain nitrate salts and compounds. Use in spring, during the emergence of seedlings. You can add organics to infusions. For the formation of new inflorescences and leaves, such an early feeding is used.
- Potash. These are potassium chloride and sulfate, wood ash and potassium nitrate. Affects the structure and taste of the berry. Ideal for spring and summer top dressing.
- Phosphoric. Double or simple superphosphate, phosphate rock, ammophos and diammophos. Suitable for autumn fertilizer, increase the yield of next year.
There are entire complexes of mineral fertilizers that may or may not contain a trace element. They are more convenient to use and good, so that the plant does not occur mineral starvation.
It’s quite difficult to find out exactly which elements are currently required, especially if you are a layman.
For example, darkening or reddening of the leaves, or chlorosis, may indicate a lack of not one, but several substances. For this, it is recommended to use complex top dressing.
Organics are good for any crop. Such fertilizers are rich in phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen and many trace elements.
Fertilizing in this way is best in the fall or apply during planting of bushes. Fresh chicken or pork manure are great helpers to a young plant.
During spring feeding, it is more appropriate to use humus or rotted manure in the form of mulch. In summer bait, organic matter is introduced in the form of infusion.
To get such an infusion you need to take chicken litter or manure, add water and let it brew for a week in the sun. Then dilute with water and make under watering.
Of the minuses, you will notice that when using such fertilizer, the spring for the summer resident will inevitably begin with weeding, which, of course, complicates the care.
Popular folk remedies
To get a decent harvest, you will have to work hard and properly care for the strawberries. Despite the variety of ready-made fertilizers, many still trust only folk methods and consider them the most effective.
Processing ammonia plants is used to increase productivity and reduce pests. Strawberries grow well and do not spend extra energy to fight the disease. More about fertilizing strawberries with ammonia.
To prepare the solution, baker's yeast is required. Such a yeast solution contains the auxin, cytokinin, thiamine and B vitamins necessary for strawberries. Strawberry bears fruit and develops well.
To improve productivity and increase the tolerance of weather conditions, strawberries are fertilized with boric acid. Strawberries become denser and sweeter and do not crack from moisture. On peat and sod-podzolic soils, acid works best.
Using iodine as a fertilizer, strawberries become larger and tastier, the immune system is more resistant to diseases, and the yield and preservation of fruits increase.
Wonderful fertilizer rich in potassium. Plus it contains magnesium, calcium and phosphorus. You can use both clean ash and a solution prepared with it. Used in the first feeding in the spring and after pruning the bushes, in preparation for winter.
After the winter period, not only culture growth processes are activated, but also pests and diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to properly process strawberries in the spring.
Before processing the bushes must be cleaned of the "remnants" of winter, clean the beds.
Most diseases of this culture are associated with various fungi.
The best in the fight against fungus are drugs that contain copper. Some use Topaz or Chorus, but they belong to the 3rd class of danger, or Funadzol, it belongs to the 2nd class of danger.
Caution! These substances are unsafe for humans.
Many people prefer the least effective, but still safe treatments. For example, Fitosporin. Contact fungicide that infects fungal infections. But it quickly rinses off, so multiple processing is needed. For humans, it is safe, so you can handle it at any time.
Fans of folk remedies resort to planting garlic or onions between rows of strawberry bushes. Plants repel pests from strawberries and help cope with diseases.
It is important to note! Malicious residents can be brought along with planting material. Therefore, in order to avoid a deplorable outcome for the crop, it is necessary to soak the roots of seedlings for 2 hours in a solution of phytosporin. For cooking, you need 10 grams of powder and 5 liters of water. Mix and wait 2 hours. Then carry out the disinfection procedure.
- Seedlings planted with foliage. So that the abundant foliage does not dry out the plant, and it does not die, it is necessary to remove all leaves, except 2, the youngest.
- Planting uncontaminated bushes. To get rid of diseases and ticks, you need to spend 45 minutes a bath of hot water for the roots.
- Too long seedling roots. So that the roots are easily distributed over the pit and the roots are not bent, they must be shortened to 10 centimeters.
- Everyone wants to grow a berry without “chemistry,” but strawberries need pest control. You only need to remember that you need to process the flowering after the collection of the berry and before its flowering.
How to care for the soil after planting?
To prevent crusting at the place of irrigation or rapid dehydration, it is necessary to pour humus or earth. If, in your opinion, the soil is too dense, then it needs to be loosened.With prolonged dry weather, you need to water strawberries several times a day.
How to choose a place on the site for planting strawberries?
The southern and windy slopes will not work. Sprouts do not tolerate strong, prolonged wind and early snow melting. Lowlands and dark places are also excluded. If the planting region is with a rather variable climate, then strawberries will have to be covered with spruce branches. And groundwater should be at least 1 meter below the landing.
What is the most popular strawberry variety?
The variety “Anastasia” is especially popular. But common ones are: Cleri - an early, prolific variety, Honei - frost-resistant, less susceptible to disease, Alba - bright, long-stored berries.
Learn more about spring feeding strawberries from Viejo below:
The procedure for feeding the future crop will not cause much trouble, but in its essence it is very important. It plays a major role - whether your strawberry harvest will be rich.
You can find quite a lot of tips and you don’t need to try to do everything at once. You need to learn to “understand” your plant and help it in a timely manner. The best fertilizer for each his own. The advice of more experienced gardeners only needs to be listened to, and you can find the right and right remedy through your samples and, possibly, even mistakes.
Strawberries are a pretty moody culture. But having received the right care, she will certainly delight her with her fruits and you will understand that all efforts were not in vain.