Masterpiece Makuni - violet “Winter smiles”
The violet variety “Winter smiles” was bred by domestic breeder Boris Makuni in the mid-70s. The variety got its name because of the characteristic spraying on inflorescences: visually it resembles a snow cover sparkling in the sun. All that this variety represents is described below.
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Violet "Winter smiles" was obtained by crossing two different varieties of Saintpaulia.
Thanks to this, the flowers of the plant have such a specific color: its flowers are painted in a soft pink shade, and a multi-colored “fringe” flaunts along the edges.
This, perhaps, is the main difference between the violet "Winter smiles" from other varieties.
As already mentioned, sort of violets "Winter smiles" was brought by Boris Makuni. He, along with his wife, devoted most of his life to these marvelous plants. In total, he developed more than three hundred species of violets, but he considered the violet “Winter smiles” to be his most important “creation” until the end of his life. For many years breeders have been trying to keep this variety unchanged.
Among the main features of the variety are:
- The color of the leaves is pale green.
- The type of foliage is simple.
- The shape of the leaves is heart-shaped, quilted.
- The color of the back of the sheet is pink.
- The edge of the sheet is serrated.
- Variegation - absent.
- Size - rather large flowers, reaching about 5, 5 centimeters in length.
- The color of the flower is pink.
- Color - plain.
- Border color - green, yellow, purple, red, with characteristic strokes along the edges of the flower, reminiscent of a fringe.
- The number of flowers on the peduncle is an average of 3-5.
- Flowering period - does not depend on the season or temperature in the room; violet blooms quite often and for a long time.
- The shape of the flower is star-shaped.
- The beginning of flowering is 7-9 months after the stalk is accepted.
The outlet at the violet “Winter smiles” refers to the type of standard, medium size, outlets. There are also quite large sockets - it all depends on the conditions of the plant.
The shape of the outlet is flat, even.
Violet "Winter smiles" propagated by cuttings and leaves.
Interesting! Description of the variety from the author: “The flowers are terry and semi-double, light pink with wine-red strokes at the edges of the petals and a delicate pale green fringe. The leaves are green with an olive tint, roundish, slightly elongated. The socket is compact. Smears on the edges of the petals are more pronounced during the second flowering. ”(B.M. Makuni, T.M. Klevenskaya“ Senpoly ”, Moscow,“ Astrel ”,“ AST ”, 2001)
Photo violets “Winter smiles”
Maintenance and care conditions
The following factors are included in the concept of “conditions for keeping” the violet “Winter smiles”:
- air temperature;
- air humidity;
- pot size;
- the soil.
Let us consider in more detail each of these factors.
Perhaps the most important rule for this kind of violets, as well as for others, too is maximum light, minimum sun.
Violets “do not tolerate” when sunlight hits their terry leaves: they instantly begin to signal discomfort, showing dried leaves and wilted flowers.
Therefore, for the location of the pot with the plant, you need to choose a cool, bright place in which there is no place for sunlight. How to choose the right place? In fact, by some miracle, the violet itself is able to communicate where it is most comfortable for it in terms of lighting.
Important!When there is little light, its leaves begin to go down and bend over the edge of the pot, and when, on the contrary, it is enough, they rise up and stand at attention.
Light plays an important role in the life of violets. Since she often blooms for a long time, she needs to receive at least 10 hours of light per day. If there is not enough light, then, alas, abundant, long flowering will not work.
However, different varieties of violets react differently to light. Those with pale green leaves may cost a small amount, and violets with dark green leaves need well-lit conditions. You can stock up on fluorescent lamps - the senpolis love the light from these lamps.
The most moderate temperature for violet content is 20-22 degrees. This is a rather thermophilic plant, which categorically does not tolerate cold and temperature changes, as well as heat.
At the same time, the room should be regularly ventilated; You can even resort to using an air conditioner or fan.
However, it is worth being careful: drafts can provoke the appearance of extremely unsightly yellow spots on the leaves of Saintpaulia, and hypothermia will lead to decay of the root system.
> Violet of the Winter Smile variety needs high humidity - at least 50%. Not everyone has a special humidifier, but this problem is easily solved: you can simply put water containers next to the plant. But humidity should be monitored, because if it is more than 70%, there is a risk of developing fungal diseases on the cuttings and leaves.
You can water the violet with ordinary tap water, but first it is better to let it stand for one day, and then boil it.
Water for irrigation should be warm, especially if it is winter outside the window, and the plant itself is on the windowsill. When watering, water needs to be poured on the plant itself, and not on the root.
Attention! If there is too much water, remove it from the pan. The frequency of watering depends on the degree of dryness of the soil - this can be easily determined by touch.
A violet of the Winter Smiling variety will be most comfortable in a small plastic pot that matches its size.
Soil for the designated variety of violets should pass air well and retain moisture. To do this, add a mineral of natural origin. Charcoal is also a good solution. Good drainage is also important for violets. As for the pH level in the soil, a neutral level is needed here.
Diseases and Pests
The violet "Winter smiles" as well as many houseplants, is subject to all kinds of diseases. Here are the most common ones:
- Late blight.
- Powdery Mildew
- Gray rot.
Among the pests, attack from which violets can be affected, distinguish:
- scale shield;
- wood lice;
To treat these diseases and get rid of pests, the plant is treated with special solutions, after removing the affected areas.
Find out more from the video below: