Aglaonema: features of home care
Judging by the photo, in the natural environment the aglaonema lives in the shaded part of the tropical forests of New Guinea, the Malay Archipelago and East Asia.
She is hygrophilous, prefers diffuse lighting, because in nature it grows in the lower tiers of the forest, that is, in a space with diffuse lighting.
All these features leave an imprint on the comfortable conditions for the agglomeration in the apartment.
Origin and appearance of aglaonema
According to various sources, the genus Aglaonema (belonging to the Aroid family) totals from 20 to 50 varieties.
This is an evergreen upright plant with large fleshy leafy plates and a short stem, which is practically not expressed in young plants. The leaves are dense, grow on long petioles, have an oblong xiphoid shape.
It’s hard to imagine how aglaonema blooms if you don’t see the flowering alive. The flower is a cob bordered by a pale green, almost white plume of bedspreads.. Depending on the variety, the size of the flower and the color of the leaves change.
Many flower growers choose aglaonema as a flower for the home, but people with a tendency to severe skin allergic reactions need to be careful: aglaonema juice can cause serious irritation.
Types and varieties of aglaonem
Of the variety, plant growers prefer several varieties for their window sills. This Aglaonema modest (moderate), Changeable (changeable), Silver Queen, Silver King, Aglaonema rounded, Short-cover, Painted and others.
More information about species and varieties can be found here.
A few more popular varieties:
This whimsical beauty requires bright diffused lighting, so as not to lose the brightness of the leaves.
On one plant, both pure green and pure red leaf plates may appear, but more often it is a bright mixture of shades of red and emerald. The cuttings of the leaves are usually pale pink, which gives an additional charm to the flower.
This variety resembles a stemless bush with elongated long leaves collected in a rosette. Along the edge and in the central part, they are darker than the main part of the sheet.
A large variety of painted aglaonemes can easily reach a meter height. It is distinguished by a beautiful variegated color, darker around the edge.
Aglaonema: home care
All varieties of aglaonema come from tropical forests, which leaves its mark on the conditions of home flower maintenance.
Right away after buying aglaonem should be transplanted, since the substrate in which the flower is located during transportation and life in the store is not suitable for long-term maintenance of the plant.
Usually flowering period occurs at the end of spring and lasts until the beginning of autumn. At this time, the plant releases a cob bordered by a light green veil.
The size of the flower depends on the species characteristics of the plant. Then, in place of the flower, fruits are formed whose color is also dictated by the type of aglaonema.
For successful flower cultivation temperature in the summer from 20 to 25, in the winter from 16 to 18 ° C. Aglaonema does not like drafts and does not tolerate sharp temperature fluctuations.
It should be carried out regularly, since dry air can provoke the appearance of yellow leaves and the death of leaf plates.
For watering apply soft water at room temperatureIt is better to let the liquid settle for a day.
It is watered abundantly and often in the summer, in winter the frequency is slightly reduced. The signal that it’s time to add moisture is a dried up top layer of earth in the pot.
Attention! Do not allow hollow drying of the soil - this will adversely affect the plant.
Aglaonema does not tolerate direct sunlight on leaves. The best place for her will be the east-oriented windowsill, where the direct sun is observed only in the morning and does not burn delicate leaf plates.
Which pot to choose so that the plant feels comfortable is not an easy question. Best to take medium-sized container, where fragile roots easily fit without damage.
You should not choose too large a pot: this can delay the flowering and appearance of the fruit.
Choose a pot with drainage holes to remove excess moisture, since stagnation of water can provoke root rot.
A suitable substrate has the following characteristics:
- it passes air well and does not interfere with gas exchange;
- loose and light;
- saturated with trace elements necessary for plant growth and development.
Ready soil can be purchased at a garden store or mixed independently from peat, sand and sheet land in a ratio of 1: 1: 3.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
For the flowering period mineral and organic complexes can be added alternately. Frequency - once every two weeks.
Choose a cloudy day, make additives after watering, so as not to burn the plant. Recommended options (dilute in 3 l of water):
- 1 tbsp. l "Agricoli" for ornamental plants, "Effekton" for indoor plants;
- tsp "Agricoli", Art. l "Fantasy";
- tsp "Leaflet", Art. l "Lignohumata."
Important! In winter, aglaonema is not fed.
Young plants are transplanted annually, and after three years of age, the aglaonema is transplanted only if necessary. Once every 3-5 years will be enough. This video details:
Forming cuts are not carried out, since it will not work to form a crown. And here sanitation is best done before flowering.
All leaves with signs of mechanical damage or disease are removed. It is also worth removing all dried stems.
Differences in care during flowering and dormancy
Naturally, in the phase of active growth, aglaonema requires more thorough care than during winter dormancy.
- Reduce the amount of watering in the winter compared to the summer months.
- In winter, do not feed.
- Spraying is also reduced to a minimum.
- Do not transplant or crop plants, leaving these procedures in the spring.
Plant propagation is carried out by standard methods: vegetative or seed cultivation.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
This procedure can be performed during the next transplantation of the bush. It is divided into two parts or more, removing all roots with signs of damage, planting and caring as separate plants.
Aglaonema propagation by cuttings
The cuttings are harvested when the trunk naturally branches or grows enough to separate the crown part.
Keep in mind that the roots of the cuttings will appear only after a month or more, so you need to be patient. It is good if the cuttings have their own leaves: rooting is then judged by the appearance of a new leaf.
Harvested cuttings (all sections) are treated with charcoal and dried for 24 hours. Then they are buried in a wet sand-peat mixture by about 1.5–2 cm and kept at a temperature of 21 ... 25 ° С.
Growing aglaonema from seeds
It must be borne in mind that some varieties of aglaonema are hybrids bred as a result of crossing, so their seeds will not germinate or preserve the qualities of the parent plant.
For breeding it is better to take fresh seeds from the fruit, after peeling them from the pulp. Then the seeds are placed in moist loose soil to a depth of 1.5 cm and covered with a film.
They put in a warm place. The first shoots will appear in three weeks.
Possible growing difficulties
Most problems in growing aglaonema are associated with violations of flower care guidelines.
Mistakes in care and their elimination
|Leaves turn yellow||The problem is most often associated with a lack of moisture or too dry indoor air. Revise the watering mode of the flower or install a humidifier near the flowerpot|
|Leaves take on a brownish tint.||A possible cause is too much watering. The acidification of the soil begins, the plant needs a transplant|
|The appearance of yellow spots on the leaves||Indicates sun exposure to aglaonema and the appearance of burns. The flower pot needs to be moved away from the window|
Diseases and pests of aglaonema
Most often parasitize on aglaonem:
- spider mite;
The appearance of signs of vital activity of parasites may indicate infection of other colors. Control measures include regular (as instructed) insecticide treatments and removal of the topsoil in the pot.
Signs and superstitions
It is believed that aglaonema brings luck to its owner. This is due to the history of a large cash prize: a man examined the numbers on the aglaonema leaves in the garden, indicated them when buying a lottery ticket, and won.
In addition, it is believed that aglaonema increases efficiency and concentration. Scientists say that its leaves purify the air and are able to destroy streptococci.
In this video once again briefly about the care of the plant:
This beautiful unusual plant fits perfectly into any interiors. Aglaonema is unpretentious and with proper care will grow for many years.