Care for pakhira at home: how to maintain decorative properties
Pakhira home - a small tree with a powerful trunk and large leaves. It attracts with its appearance, as well as with its fruit.
The plant does not require special care.
Varieties of homemade pakhira, names, photos
Pahira comes from tropical forests and swamps located in the south and central regions of America. It is called Chinese, bottle, money tree, as well as Malabar and Guiana chestnut.
She enters Malvov family and Bombaks subfamily. The closest relatives are baobab and durian.
Pachira grows extremely slowly at home. Under natural conditions, it grows to 3 m. The life span reaches several decades. There are 3 main types of pakhira.
In another way it is called pahira water. The most favorite view among gardeners for growing in an apartment or house.
The tree itself is small, water accumulates in its lower thickened part, due to which the plant will easily tolerate heat or irregular watering.
The leaves have a dark green hue, a finger-shaped form. The shiny surface is wrinkled. Aquatic blooms all summer and autumn. If you organize the right care at home, she will produce buds all year. At the same time, she does not discard the leaves.
At the end of flowering, in the place where the flower was, a fruit grows with nuts (seeds), which are used for food and for medical purposes.
It is not found as often as other species. It features unusual rounded leaves. In the usual conditions for it, the shoots spread along the ground, so in a house such a pakhira is kept in a pot or flowerpots.
It differs from the type of Aquatic by the silver pattern on the foliage.
How to care for Pachira
Quality care is the key to plant health and the ability to extend its flowering.
Do not allow the tree to overheat or expose it to direct sunlight. The room should not be more than 23 ... 25 ° C in summer and less than 16 ° C in winter.
Important! Pakhira is afraid of drafts, but at the same time it cannot be placed near radiators and heating appliances.
Pahira grows in the tropics, so one of the requirements is to maintain the proper level of humidity. For this, the flower must be sprayed with standing water at room temperature.
Low light affects the appearance of the plant. The stems are stretched, and the crown loses its shape. Excess sunlight also does not bring any good: burns remain on the foliage. Ideal - soft diffused light.
Important! If the room lighting is excessive, pahira need to dim.
In spring and summer, watering should be regular when the soil dries out a little.In winter, you often do not need to water. It is recommended to wait for the soil to dry 3-4 cm deep, otherwise the plant will begin to rot.
Attention! For irrigation, use settled or rain water.
In which pot to plant pahira
The size of the container is affected by the size of the pachira and its root system. While the plant is young, a not very deep, but wide flowerpot with a diameter of 29 cm is enough for him.
Small pots interfere with flower growth. In large ones, a certain amount of soil is not used, which leads to its acidification.
Soil for Pahira
It is important that the earth "breathes" and is not oversaturated with nutrients. Suitable option - combine the same volume of turf, sheet soil, sand, brick chips.
If we talk about store mixes, then pahira universal substrates suitable for dracaena or palm trees. At the bottom of the pot, drainage is equipped.
How to feed and fertilize
You will need 2 types of funds:
- Organic. These include humus, bird droppings, manure, peat.
- Mineral They are soluble and insoluble.
Of the fertilizers sold in specialized stores, Agricola and Biohumus are suitable for pachyra. Fertilizers are easy to prepare yourself. Soil is recommended to be processed by such means:
- a solution of 1 tbsp. l sugar per 500 ml of water;
- coffee grounds;
- infusion on the peel of citrus fruits (orange);
It is better to fertilize the plant after the appearance of inflorescences and until it blooms. At this time, pahira needed phosphorus and potassium.
Funds containing nitrogen should be postponed. They slow down the growth of flowers. The rest of the time, fertilizing is carried out approximately 1 time in 30 days.
A transplant is needed in several cases:
- plant just bought;
- a small tree closely in an old flowerpot;
- there is a lot of nitrogen in the earth;
- Pachira is damaged by pests or any disease.
You can not transplant the plant during flowering, otherwise it will die. The transplant process looks like this:
- Remove the tree from the old container, straightening the roots;
- Lower the root system for a quarter of an hour into the water.
- Remove old soil from the roots, remove rot, damaged areas. Healthy roots can be shortened.
- Pour prepared soil into the pot.
- Lay out the roots on the surface of the soil. It is necessary to make sure that they are located throughout the entire volume of the pot.
In the end, it remains only to fill up the missing earth.
The procedure is optional. If desired, the crown can be corrected in early March. Dry leaves and damaged branches can be cut off at any time.
How does pachira bloom and bear fruit
Pakhira houses blooms infrequently. She releases a panicle with several flowers of a white or yellowish hue. They smell like vanilla.
In place of a flower, elongated fruits appear up to 25 cm in size. Inside them 10–25 seeds or nuts. They are added to baking, boiled, fried, eaten raw. You can make a chocolate-flavored drink from them.
Interesting! Foliage and flowers are edible.
How does pachira breed
There are two options for breeding pakhira: cuttings (vegetative) and seeds. Each has its own nuances.
It is necessary to take a stalk about 10 cm long. It is important that 2 leaf nodes are already formed in it. What to do next?
- Carefully treat the lower part of the handle with an activator of root formation.
- Prepare the ground. To do this, mix pre-sifted sand, charcoal, a little leaf humus, half of the sphagnum. Sterilize the finished mixture.
- Place the cuttings in containers, for example, plastic glasses, with a drainage system equipped at the bottom. They should go to the ground about 3 cm.
The roots will grow after 3 weeks.
How to grow from seed
Put in a sealed bag in 2-3 layers soaked in water and squeezed sphagnum. Put the seeds on top. Cover them with moss (in 1 layer).
It is worth remembering that only half the seed sprouts, therefore, to obtain a sufficient number of sprouts, you need to prepare several such packages. At the time of growth, it is necessary to provide special conditions:
- temperature around 25 ° C;
- soft diffused light;
- moss is wet, not wet;
- humidity 80%;
- frequent airing.
Sprouts along with sphagnum are moved to the ground. The first 7 days they need to maintain the proper level of humidity. If everything is normal, after 30 days they are fertilized for the first time.
Diseases, pests and difficulties in the cultivation of pachyra
Diseases appear with insufficient care. The roots and trunk are most damaged. But there are other problems:
- Plant drops leaves. The reason is a prolonged lack of moisture.
- At the tips of the leaves appear brown spots. This means the room is hot. It is necessary to establish watering, as well as regularly spray the tree without touching the trunk.
- Leaves turn yellow and fall - what to do in this situation? Pahira requires fertilizer. It saves nutrients and therefore discards part of the leaves. There are two options - to feed or transplant the plant into a new pot with fertilized soil.
- Dry spots form on leaflets. This is the result of sun exposure or burns. The pot is rearranged in a shaded place.
- The stems rot, the foliage turns black. This happens with a lot of moisture and stagnation of water. Adjust the watering schedule.
The trunk is squeezed, becomes less elastic, soft. This indicates rotting of the roots. Solution to the problem:
- Pull the flower out of the pot, remove damaged parts.
- Apply ash or crushed coal to the sections.
- Put the flower for several hours in a place where the light does not penetrate, transplant into a pot with fresh soil.
- Suspend watering for 7 days.
If there are dark spots on the leaves, the plant stands in a draft. As an option - the use of cold water during irrigation. Need to rearrange pahira in another place and pour water at a suitable temperature.
Most often pahira strikes mealybug, spider mite and scutellum. From the worm, the earth should be treated with a manganese solution, and then sprinkled with pepper or tobacco powder.
In order to get rid of the spider mite, scale insects, aphids and thrips, damaged leaves are removed. Healthy should be wiped with soapy water.
To prepare it, 20 g of laundry soap should be mixed with 1 liter of water. After about once every 7 days, it is recommended to spray the plant with any insecticide.
What is useful plant, signs, feng shui
Popular signs suggest that pahira brings well-being to the house. It has a good effect on overall well-being, improves energy, helps to achieve success and gives protection from difficulties.
According to Feng Shui, pahira is a talisman for achieving wealth and good fortune. So that she brings real benefits, It is recommended to put it in the southeast of the house, place an artificial waterfall or landscape nearbywhich depicts water.
To enhance the action, the tree can be decorated with red ribbons.
Experienced flower growers and amateurs appreciate pakhira not only for its decorative properties. Unlike many indoor plants, it blooms and bears edible fruits. In addition, she is unpretentious in leaving.
The main thing is to follow the rules of irrigation and create the most favorable conditions for its growth.