Growing cherry tomatoes on the balcony is nothing easier
Cherry tomatoes are appreciated for their high taste, decorative appearance, early ripening. This variety of tomatoes feels great in conditions of limited soil on balconies, window sills.
Growing cherry tomatoes on the balcony can be done by people with a craving for gardening, but not owning a land plot.
Why grow tomatoes on the balcony?
Tomatoes grown on their own can not but rejoice the novice gardener. The advantage of cherry tomatoes from your balcony is the absence of pesticidesstuffed with store vegetables.
Growing tomatoes and greens can be a good hobby that does not require a lot of time and money.
On the balcony, you can grow other vegetables and herbs, for example, cucumbers, rosemary.
Varieties of tomatoes for the balcony
How to grow cherry tomatoes on the balcony? To get a guaranteed good harvest, you should choose varieties designed for cultivating the house.
A low-growing tomato variety, with a height of only 40 cm. The balcony miracle is an early ripening variety, with good care it gives a plentiful harvest (up to 2 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush per season). The average weight of one fetus is 20–25 g.
The dwarf variety grows up to 50 cm high. Tomatoes are bright red, fragrant, juicy, weighing 50 g. The variety is distinguished by plum-shaped fruits. Tomatoes lend themselves well to storage, transportation.
A low-growing early ripening variety with fruits of a deep scarlet hue. Ripe tomatoes can be plucked from the bush for 80 days after the first leaves of the seedling. The fruits are fleshy, with a small amount of seeds inside.
Mid-early variety, with a height of up to 1.5 m. Tomatoes are small in size, weighing 30 g. The color of the fruit is raspberry pink.
High-yielding early ripe hybrid. Tall plant (up to 1.5 m), the fruits have a red-pink hue, weight 50 g, plum-shaped.
Cherry red, yellow
The red cherry tomato has an average ripening period. The plant is medium-sized, 1 m high. Ripe fruits have a red tint, weight 15–20 g.
Yellow cherry yellow has the same characteristics as red cherry. The main difference is the yellow tint of ripe fruit, the presence of two seed sections with small seeds.
An early-ripening variety of tomatoes - from the appearance of leaves to the collection of fruits, 75–80 days pass. Angelica is resistant to late blight, which reduces the number of fungicides used for spraying.
The color of the tomatoes is red, the average weight is 40-50 g.
Low-growing variety with elongated red fruits. The meat pulp is fleshy, the taste is tomato, sweet and sour. The average weight of one vegetable is 10-15 g.
Mid-season tall variety (grows to 1.6 m). The plant has pear-shaped red fruits with two seed chambers. The average weight of cherry tomatoes is 35 g.
The variety is characterized by the duration of fruiting, sweet taste, good yield. The variety is suitable for cultivation in open ground, greenhouses, and for breeding on the balcony. Weight of tomatoes 15–20 g.
Balcony Red F1
Early ripe tomato resistant to disease. Fruits are sweet, aromatic, weighing up to 30 g. It is characterized by low growth - 40 cm.
Low-growing variety with round yellow tomatoes. Fruits with a thin skin, different sour-sweet tomato flavor. The average weight of one vegetable is 20 g.
Dwarf tomato variety reaches a height of only 25-30 cm. Ideal for growing on a balcony, windowsill. The fruits ripen on day 70 after transplanting seedlings into the ground. The weight of one tomato varies from 15 to 25 g.
The variety of Siberian selection is frost-resistant. Suitable for growing on unglazed balconies, loggias. Differs in early ripeness, high productivity. The average weight of one tomato is 30 g.
Growing tomatoes on the balcony
It will not be difficult for experienced gardeners to grow tomatoes on the balcony, because planting, care are no different from cultivating tomatoes in the garden. Beginners should consider all the nuances of cultivation to obtain a plentiful harvest.
When to sow seeds?
Planting seeds in natural conditions of cultivation must be done in February in order to plant bushes in the spring in the spring, with the harvest season starting in late summer.
There are no restrictions for growing tomatoes on a heated balcony, window sill. You can sow seeds in springso that by the beginning of summer to enjoy a delicious harvest, and in the fall - to collect tomatoes for the New Year's table.
Preparation of soil and planting material
The preparatory stage before planting the seeds is to disinfect the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (manganese), boiling water. Nutrient fertilizers are preliminarily applied for quick seed germination..
For 10 kg of soil mixture you need 15 g of urea, 15 g of potassium salt, 30 g of superphosphate, it is important to mix the mixture thoroughly.
For seed disinfection, they should be lowered for a day in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The procedure increases germination. It is recommended to germinate the seeds.
For this, the seeds are gently wrapped in a damp cloth, placed in a plastic bag for several days. After germination, the sprouts must be untangled, planted.
Sowing seeds for seedlings, seedling care
Germinated seeds are important to plant correctly to ensure good germination of the crop. It is important not to bury them to a depth of more than 1 cm, and after 5-7 days you can observe the first shoots.
Advice! After sowing seeds for seedlings, the container must be covered with a plastic bag to ensure optimal microclimate, maintain a constant soil moisture.
Every 7-10 days feed seedlings a mixture of urea, ash at the rate of 1 g of substance per 1 liter of water. First you need to moisten the soil so as not to burn the delicate root system.
Planting in a tank for further cultivation
How to plant seedlings in pots? Before transplanting into permanent containers, it is necessary to harden the plants by removing the plastic film briefly daily. Over time, the airing period is increased.
Bushes need to be dived when 2–4 true leaves appear. Transferred to a permanent place when the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm for low-growing varieties, 15 cm for tall varieties.
The container for growing should be spacious. Suitable plastic buckles 5 l, pre-cut at the expansion site.
At the bottom, it is necessary to pour a layer of expanded clay, sand to ensure drainage, it is also important to make holes in the bottom of the tank. With moisture stagnation, the roots of tomatoes can rot, the plant itself will die.
The rules for cultivating vegetables on the balcony are simple; observing them does not take much time. Creating optimal conditions for a vegetable crop, you can get a plentiful, fragrant, tasty crop.
Tomatam need good bright lighting, when growing in the shade, the sprouts begin to stretch, the ovary does not form.
Window sills, balconies, loggias facing the south, east sides are considered ideal for placement. When placing containers with seedlings on the north side, you should not expect a tasty and plentiful harvest.
Daylight hours for tomatoes should be 10-12 hours. In the absence of natural light for the necessary time, it is necessary to provide seedlings with additional illumination with special phytolamps, fluorescent lamps.
Humidity, air temperature
Tomatoes belong to the genus Solanaceae, brought in the distant past from warm America. The optimum temperature for seedlings is 25 ... 27 ˚С during the day, 18 ... 20 ˚С at night.
Advice! It is necessary to prevent deviations, fluctuations in air temperature. Such changes can delay the flowering period, the formation of fruits.
Tomatoes do not tolerate dampness, so the bushes need regular ventilation. It is important that the humidity indicator does not exceed 65%.
The substrate for seedlings can be purchased ready in flower shops or mix the soil yourself. The following soil composition is optimal: garden soil, peat, wood ash in proportions of 2: 2: 1.
3 kg of soil is enough for undersized varieties of vegetables, for tall plants the amount of soil mix doubles. A mixture made at home must be scalded with boiling water to destroy possible pests and their larvae.
Features of watering
Tomatoes are resistant to heat, but do not tolerate drying out, cracking of the soil. Water them as the earthen coma dries.
Important! Use settled water at room temperature.
Watering is carried out in the morning, evening with an interval of 4-5 days. It is important to loosen the soil before each watering to ensure the delivery of moisture to the rhizome.
Fertilize plants with an interval of 10 days. First, the soil must be moistened so as not to burn the roots. During the period of active flowering, before the formation of the ovary, the following nutritious cocktail should be introduced into the soil: 50 g of potassium chloride, 60 g of superphosphate, 15 g of ammonium nitrate per 10 l of water.
During the ripening period of tomatoes, you need to use complex liquid fertilizers for cherry tomatoes. They must be diluted in water according to the instructions from the manufacturer.
Pasynkovka vegetable culture is carried out according to the characteristics of the variety. Cocktail cherry tomatoes need to remove leaves, form a stem. In undersized varieties leave 2-3 shoots.
Tall varieties need to be tied to a support: they can break under the weight of the fruit. Ampelic varieties are placed in a cache-pot.