Scindapsus: 6 species with photos and growing features
Scindapsus is a perennial, high-growing vine. Under natural conditions, its growth reaches 15 meters. In common people, scindapsus is called "devil's ivy." It is widespread where there are warm tropical forests: in Southeast Asia, South America, on islands in the Pacific Ocean, in Thailand.
When choosing a vine as a home decorative plant, it is important to remember that flowering is not provided for under such conditions.
Types, photos and names of scindapsus
Around the world, there are about 25 varieties of plants. Each of them winds up the trees and can be located on the ground. They differ from each other in color and shape of the leaves.
Some varieties presented in the collections of greenhouses and parks were first bred by breeders and exist in a single copy. At home, there are only six species safe for growing.
In nature, this vine grows, wrapping around tree trunks, and reaches a length of more than 2.5 meters. Most often found in the rainforests of Malaysia, Indonesia. Even in captivity, this species grows to 1 meter. The size of the leaves varies from 5 to 7 cm in width and 12-15 cm in length.
Pictus has large, oval-shaped leaf plates with a silver-gray color. For the original coloring, he was given an interesting name - Painted.
On a note! Scindapsus Trebi is the most common variety of this species. From the side you might think that instead of leaves he has small lizards.
Scindapsus Golden (Scindapsus Aureus)
The golden appearance is also called Epipremnum aureum. In artificial growing conditions, the maximum length of the vine is up to 2 meters. In young plants, the leaves are heart-shaped, solid emerald green, and later golden spots and stains appear. In bright light it seems as if they shimmer.
Despite the fact that the liana does not require special skills in caring for it, this species is more susceptible to diseases and pest attacks.
Interesting! For the peculiar optical illusion in the USA, Scindapsus Aureus is called the "Golden Lotus".
Variety Angoy is so far found only in botanical gardens and greenhouses. Botanists recommend growing it in a hanging basket or in an aquarium, like many other vines.
Its main difference is compactness. The leaves are painted in a juicy lemon color, with silver splashes. The first Scindapsus N-Joy was recently bred in Holland, but has already earned popularity among gardeners and botanists.
The second name is Epipremnum Golden Neon. The first thing that catches your eye is medium-sized leaves, painted in a bright light green color. By the way, the stems practically merge with the leaves, which are attached to its inner side. This species grows very quickly, therefore it is necessary to prune it in time so that the liana looks neat.
Scindapsus Marble Queen
Marble Queen - the amazing beauty of the vine. Variegated strokes and strokes in silver shades create a unique pattern on the plates. Sometimes it is not clear what color the leaves were: silver or green. Due to this color, it seems that the scindapsus is in constant motion.
On a note! Marble Queen, translated from English - Marble Queen. This name is fully justified by the color of the leaves.
Scindapsus Exotica - a hybrid resulting from selection. It has an original plate shape - one side is larger than the other. Because of this, the central vein is slightly curved. If you touch the leaf, you can feel the bulging tubercles between the veins.
Scindapsus and Epipremnum: differences
Scindapsus and Epipremnum have differences, but they are almost invisible externally. They have almost the same biological characteristics, both belong to the Aroid family. Plants differ in two ways:
- The number of seeds in the inflorescence is different.
- In Scindapsus, aerial roots are formed only in nodes, and in Epipremnum, along the entire length of the trunk.
Many species and varieties that previously belonged to scindapsuses now belong to the epipremnum species. For example, Aureus (golden) is considered a type of epipremnum scindapsus. In fact, the names are interchangeable and both are correct.
Scindapsus is considered an unpretentious plant. But still it has some features in the content in room conditions.
Under natural conditions, variegated representatives of the culture prefer sunlight, but often hide under the crowns of trees. In order to avoid burns on the leaves, especially if the windows face the south side, the pot must be placed next to it, but avoid direct sunlight.
The optimum temperature in the room in which the vine grows is 18–20 degrees in the warm season. If the weather outside is minus - at least 16 degrees.
Scindapsus doesn't like being near batteries or heaters. By the way, the plant adequately tolerates high temperature in summer and low in winter. But one cannot allow sharp temperature jumps and drafts.
Watch a video on how to properly care for scindapsus
Watering and humidity
It is recommended to moisten the soil on hot summer days every other day.
A young, actively growing plant requires abundant watering and stably moist soil. As soon as the top layer of the earth dries, it needs to be poured with warm, settled water.
The main thing is to prevent stagnation of liquid in the soil after watering, otherwise this will lead to decay of the roots and loss of the plant. Soil drainage will help with the help of special coarse-grained materials and a pallet.
The first sign of excessive watering is a drop of water on the inside of the scindapsus plate. Since the liana needs a relatively high humidity, about 50-60% in the room, it is necessary to spray it additionally from the spray gun and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. Periodically, once a week and a half, you can water it in the shower.
Interesting! Popular signs and superstitions say that this plant gives a boost of energy. It’s enough just to sit a little beside him.
As a complementary food, any fertilizer for home flowers is suitable. Young creepers feed in the summer and in the spring once every two weeks. And more mature plants with relatively long stalks require complementary foods once a month in winter. You can add it only after watering. Otherwise, there is a chance to burn the roots and destroy the plant.
Every year, the vine grows by about 40 centimeters. Therefore, in order for the scindapsus to always look neat, you need to form a bush. That is, regularly cut off unwanted processes.
If desired, trimmers can be used to grow another scindapsus. They are also pinched so that the liana becomes thicker and branchier.
Typically, the formation of the crown of the bush occurs with the help of specialized arched supports. If the liana has already grown, then use plastic pipes with small holes. They are filled with moistened peat moss and coconut pulp, and the air roots are inserted into the holes. This is necessary for constant access to moisture and nutrients.
Young scindapsuses are regularly transplanted once a year, grown up - once every 2-3 years. The best period for the procedure is from February to March. A transplant pot is best used low but wideso that it is possible to plant cuttings in it (to root and feed).
To do this, you need a substrate for transplantation, which includes:
- peaty soil;
- leafy soil;
- humus soil;
- expanded clay or perlite.
All "ingredients" are mixed in equal proportions. At the bottom of the tank lay a dense layer of drainage. Immediately after transplantation, the plant is watered.
The soil for growing scindapsus is preferably loose, as light as possible with a slightly acid reaction. The composition of the following components (in equal proportions) is ideal:
- turf soil.
River sand and ground pine bark are added as additional nutrients.
Propagation of the vine takes place with the help of cuttings and layering.
Propagation by cuttings
This method is suitable for cuttings that have been cut from the top of the crown. They are placed in water or immediately planted in a substrate. The first roots appear quickly.
The main recommendations for growing:
- On one stalk there are 2-3 leaves.
- The temperature in the room where it is planned to grow new vines should be at least 22 degrees.
- Good lighting.
- In the process of preparation, the cuttings are cut at an angle, after which the cut is treated with a tool to accelerate root growth. Then they are planted in a prepared soil mixture. Then cover with a transparent plastic bag or a jar.
It is interesting! In ancient Chinese science, Feng Shui, the shape of the leaves of scindapsus is a symbol of peace.
Propagation by layering
Aerial roots on the shoots of scindapsus - the ability to grow a new plant with the help of layering. How to root: for this, take a long shoot and put it in another container with soil. Then sprinkled with earth and pressed with a wire stud. After rooting, the cuttings are cut off, and the pots are separated and taken care of for each plant separately.
In this video you can watch all the care and reproduction of scindapsus
Diseases and Pests
Like any other living creature, vines have their own diseases. They are also attacked by pests. How to deal with every ailment, read on.
- The leaves turned black, wilted.
Reason: excess moisture, which leads to rotting of the roots.
Solution: reduce the amount of water and the frequency of irrigation. When the vines die, cut whole cuttings.
- Leaf edges dry.
Reasons: dry air in the room, heating appliances nearby.
How to treat: remove from the battery or heater, moisten the air.
- Leaves become fragile, fall off.
Reasons: draft, not enough feeding, poor lighting. Light falling is considered normal. "Treat" is only with a strong loss of leaves.
What to do: eliminate the cause of the disease.
- Leaves lost brightness.
Reason: not enough light.
Solution: create conditions for good lighting: put a phytolamp or move it to a brighter room.
- The leaves turned pale.
Reason: an excess of sunlight.
What to do: rearrange in a darker place.
- The tips of the plates are wrapped.
Reason: salt in the soil.
What you need to do: transplant, irrigate using water at room temperature.
- The distance between the leaves increased, the appearance deteriorated.
Likely causes: a lot of complementary foods, high nitrogen content.
Solution: reduce the frequency of fertilizer application.
- Not growing.
Reasons: soil depletion, cramped pot.
What to do: transplant into a large container with new soil.
- Mosaic stains.
Treatment of scindapsus for viruses will not bring any sense. The plant will still die, and the young shoots are already infected.
- Leaves turn yellow, but retain elasticity.
Why: lack of vitamins.
Solution: feed the scindapsus.
Inadequately humidified air attracts pests. The most common is the spider mite. White as fibers, plaque on plates, internodes - the first sign of an intruder. You can get rid of it with a folk remedy. It is enough to moisten the sponge in a solution of laundry soap and treat the plant. If it does not help, then it is recommended to use chemicals once every ten days.
When a plant has attacked aphids, treatment with agents containing permethrin will help. Scabs and thrips are removed by removing insects from the sheet with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. In an extreme case, resort to chemicals that do not harm the vine.
Is it possible to keep at home
Fans of exotic plants grow scindapsus at home. It is said that the plant purifies indoor air.
Important! "Muzhegon" is another name for scindapsus. They say that he destroys the relationship of man and woman in the house where he grows.
Since harm and benefit for a person lies only in popular beliefs, growing a creeper at home will not affect life in any way. The exception is allergy and the presence of children and animals in the house. This is due to the fact that the juice in the plant is poisonous. Even cutting scindapsus is allowed only with gloves that completely protect the hands.
With proper care, the liana grows rapidly. From it you can make a "living" wall or arch directly in the apartment, which will please fans of home gardening and refresh the interior.