Care and reproduction of meaty hoya at home
Types of Hoya
The Majestic or Imperial Hoya came to us from the island of Malacca. It has the appearance of a bush that curls. Her large leaves are oval, slightly pointed at the tips. The leaves are smooth and even. Umbrellas from 6-10 flowers hang from the stem. They have a deep red color inside and yellow on the outside. These flowers smell very nice.
Hoya the Beautiful or Hoya Bella was brought from India, and therefore she tolerates warm, important air well. It is a small shrub with shoots that creep and covered with small leaves up to 2.5 centimeters in length. She has white flowers; the top is red or purple. She actively blooms all summer. Her aroma is not as strong as that of other species.
Hoya Kerry is popular for its leaves that look like green hearts. They are especially often presented in beautiful pots for the feast of February 14th. That is why it is also called Hoya Valentinka. This variety was discovered in 1911 by the American scientist A. Kerry in northern Thailand, and this vine was named after him. It is very simple to breed: you need to plant one leaf-heart in the ground, and it will soon take root.
- Hoya Zelenotsvetnaya has elongated leaves and velvet white or green-brown flowers.
- Hoya Meat (Karnoza) is most popular with flower growers. Her homeland is India, China, Vietnam, Japan. The length of its stems can reach 6 meters. They are thin, and therefore for the plant you need to install a support so that it wraps around it. On the green stems there are fleshy leaves, above which umbrella buds in the form of stars bloom. Pink flowers with a white trim. They exude a strong aroma. Hoya blooms several times a year, usually from June to September.
Varieties of Hoya Meaty:
-tricolor (green leaves with pink and cream stains);
-compact (small swirling leaves with a pattern);
-variate (green leaves with a cream line);
-minibel (green leaves with dots of light color);
exotics (leaves with a yellow center).
- Hoya Motoskey is a long vine with stems down. Shiny leaves have an elongated shape. The sheet length can be up to 8 centimeters. The flowers of this species are white or beige and have a pink crown in the middle. These flowers smell very nice.
- Hoya Australis is a liana in which shoots can reach 10 meters. The leaves are smooth, oval and slightly elongated. Inflorescences are cream-colored umbrellas with a pleasant aroma.
- Hoya Matilda is an ampel plant whose stems hang and mix from a pot. The leaves are glossy, wide. Inflorescences are in the form of white or pink. This plant is very similar to an artificial flower.
- Hoya Concave (Lacunose) brought to us from Malaysia. Its leaves are in the form of a green rhombus with a dark fringing. Leaves have an uneven surface with hollows. Flowers have a pleasant smell. This variety is quite unpretentious and very popular with gardeners. It is fast flowering.
Popular varieties of this hoya:
- popsicle (light leaves with a pattern, flowers in the form of balls and a yellow crown);
- tova (plain light green leaves)
- The multi-flowered hoya is a fleshy vine with narrow monophonic leaves. Frequent inflorescences bloom on it. The flowers are white, cream and yellow. Their petals are bent strongly back.
- Hoya Obscura. It is also called dark. It has green leaves with dark veins, small flowers with curved pink edges and a middle of yellow color.
Hoya Linearis brought from the Himalayas. She has green leaves that look like thin lines. It grows in the form of a whip and can reach 6 meters. Its smell is very subtle and resembles the scent of lilies.
- Hoya Fitchi has medium sized emerald green leaves. The hue of the flowers depends on the brightness of the light that falls on it. They can be either pale pink or bright pink. This view loves a humid and warm climate. If the air temperature drops below 18 degrees, the plant will die. Watering should be plentiful, but not to allow stagnation of water in the pot. This type of hoya is the slowest growing.
- Hoya Locki grows at a level of 20-25 meters above the ground under the sun. Her homeland is Vietnam. It is there that she gets divorced and protected from destruction. At home, if you create the flower in the necessary conditions, it will bloom all year round and delight you with white flowers. This hoya has a faint smell of chocolate, which intensifies in the evening.
Is Hoya poisonous, what superstitions surround her
About the poison - yes, that's true. Therefore, I would not advise young parents to grow this plant (until the child is at least four years old), as well as owners of vegetarian cats who love to gnaw on flowerpots.
As for superstition, hoyu, like ordinary room ivy, is considered a “husband” and an energy vampire.
True, I once watched a program with a performing psychic, and on the contrary, he said that all ivy is a natural “sedative” that helps to establish family conflicts, and if a married woman has this plant blooms, then it’s all joy, then her husband true.
When you can admire her flowers
In the summer months. Seeing flower stalks, do not rejoice greatly - they grow over a long 1.5 months, and only when the whole family runs out of patience, amazing wax flowers with pink centers open on the bush.
This process can begin from March to June. It lasts only 8 days. After that, both flowers and peduncles fall off. Then the plant begins to grow new ones. Thus, you can admire the flowering not only in late May and early summer, but also until the very beginning of autumn.
Hoya flowers smell like vanilla. Personally, I like this fragrance, but my husband complains that it is too strong and even suffocating. So it is not surprising that in our country this plant blooms in the kitchen - there is the place for the delicious smell of vanilla!
An important point! When Bella blooms (even after seeing the peduncle), the pot can not be rearranged on another windowsill. Turning the other side to the sun is also not recommended.
If you collect flowers of all types and varieties of hoi, you get a wonderful picture, in which white shades will prevail, but yellow and pink, and even burgundy will turn on. And what forms such flowers sometimes take!
Why gardeners love hoya so much
This compact creeper shrub came to us from India, Thailand and Australia. There it is an epiphytic plant, born on the stems of large trees.
Hoya is grown as an ampoule pot. It can be grown in both plastic and wicker pots. Up to three shoots should be planted in one container (the more there are, the thicker and richer the bush turns out). In this case, you need to choose shallow pots, because the roots of the plant are weak and superficial.
Hoya Bella (in translation this word means “beautiful”) has waxed small leaves, dark on the outside and light from the inside, as well as amazingly shaped star flowers. Flowers bloom at the tips of long stems. Hoya branches grow quickly, and despite the apparent fragility, they are strong and strong, not needing support.
Purchase and adaptation
Almost all types of this indoor culture are easily accessible - you can purchase them at any flower shop. The choice should be approached responsibly, because further health and decorativeness of an adult flower will depend on the quality of the seedling.
Hoya Bella Home Care Photo
The criteria for choosing a quality plant are as follows:
- stems are flexible, plain, without mechanical injuries and damage by diseases, pests;
- leaves are succulent, saturated in accordance with the variety, do not contain yellow, black or brown spots, holes;
- the soil is slightly moist, without mold, acidification on the surface;
- through the drainage holes you can determine the condition of the roots - they are dark brown, without decaying parts and plaque.
Shake off the crown - if the leaves do not crumble, then the plant is fresh and you can buy it.
The acquired flower needs to be quarantined for 2-3 weeks to make sure that it does not get sick. During this time, he adapts to room conditions.
For this plant it is not difficult to create the right conditions, the main thing - support them and respond in a timely manner to weakening growth, lack of flowering plants. As for the location of the plant, it is best to place it in the summer on window sills that face east or west, and in winter put it on the south side. Once the flower blooms, you can’t turn it around, otherwise it will begin to fall off the buds. The plant needs fresh air, so the room where it is located needs to be ventilated, but it is not recommended to take the plant outside.
The light should be diffused, without direct sunlight. In winter, you need to create additional lighting. Plants in which monophonic leaves prefer shade, plants with bright leaves like more sunny places. The optimum temperature for hoi is 20-25 degrees in the summer and 16-18 degrees in the winter. If the temperature starts to drop, the plant will drop its leaves. Humidity is not very important for the hoya, but sometimes it can be sprayed with water. This will speed up flowering. The main thing is that water does not fall on the flowers.
Watering should be carried out sparingly, avoiding excess moisture, despite the fact that it is a tropical plant. In summer, you need to water when the earth has dried up 1-2 centimeters from the surface. In November, watering is reduced to 2-3 times a month.
It is necessary to feed the plant during the growing season twice a month. You can use any complex fertilizer for flowering plants, as well as funds for succulents, the main thing is that the fertilizer contains phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium and magnesium.
Since the hoya grows rapidly, it is recommended that it be transplanted into pots, which are 2-3 centimeters larger than the previous ones. It will be more comfortable for her to grow in such a pot, but flowering will be more active in a close pot. An adult plant should be transplanted once every 3-4 years. Transplantation is carried out by transshipment in a new pot. A drainage layer is laid on it at the bottom. Then dried and rotted roots are removed and the flower is planted in a new pot with fresh soil. It is recommended to transplant plants that have bloomed and dropped inflorescences.
Hoya is propagated in the following different ways, the most popular of which is cuttings. The cutlery of hoya is a part of a solid shoot 8-10 centimeters long. It should have sprouts and several leaves. Usually this procedure is carried out in spring or summer.
They also reproduce by shifts or layering. The method of propagation by seeds is not often used, since there is a shortage of seeds and it is practically impossible to obtain them at home, and you will not often find them on sale.
Variety Kerry propagated by leaf, but this option is not suitable for other varieties. Having planted a leaf in the soil, there is no guarantee that you will have a new plant. He will have roots soon, but his growth may be slow.
Diseases and Pests
Main problem - This is damp and low temperatures, which lead to fungal diseases of Hoya. They are white spots on the leaves of a plant. In case of illness, it is necessary to treat the plant with fungicides. If dark spots appear, then there is a chance that the plant has a viral infection. The flower must be isolated from the rest and sprayed with preparations that contain copper. Already diseased leaves must be urgently removed.
If thickenings and dark spots suddenly appear on the leaves, it is likely that Hoya got a viral infection. It is urgent to isolate the flower, to observe it. If there is no improvement, the plant will have to be destroyed, since the flowers still have no ways to fight viruses. If the leaves are pale, then they either have little light or a lot of watering. Also, a lack of nitrogen fertilizers in the soil may become the cause. If the hoya blooms poorly, it means that she lacks light. You need to transfer it to a more sunny place.
Sometimes the plant is attacked by aphids, mealybugs and spider mites. If there are not many of these insects, then you can try to wash them off with warm water, and then treat them with some kind of insecticide. If after a week you still notice pests, you need to repeat the treatment.
Hoya - an amazing tropical plant, it decorates the home and creates cosiness in it. Besides the fact that it is easy to grow, it is pleasant to look after it, it pleases the eye with its beauty and brings positive energy to the house. This plant is called family, because it is believed that it creates harmony and tranquility in the house.
For a flower, choose a window seat on the east or west side. It is recommended to use hanging planters, as for ampelous plants. Sunlight should be enough, but from direct sunlight, burns on the leaves are possible, so it is better not to put a flower on the south side. It is necessary to protect the hoya from drafts.
Important!You can not often rearrange the hoya to a new place, it loses its buds and can die.
Temperature and humidity
The optimum temperature for active vegetation is considered to be + 20 ... + 25 ° С. Do not allow temperature drops below + 18 ° C for a long period. From the cold, the plant can throw off leaves and unblown buds.
The beautiful Hoya develops better in conditions of high humidity, in the summer it must be sprayed without getting water on the flowers and buds.
Beautiful Hoya or Bella Hoya
She is distinguished tiny delicate flowers in the shape of five-pointed stars and collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences of seven or nine pieces. In warm weather, droplets of fragrant nectar appear in their center.
Bella's homeland is the southern province of China and Indonesia. Flowering time - from May to September. Bella’s second name is Hella Bella the Beautiful.
This video shows the flowering of beautiful Hoya:
Hoya Kerri (Kerrii)
Kerry gained popularity thanks a special form of leaves in the form of miniature green hearts. It can often be found in flower shops on the eve of Valentine's Day. Green Hearts is sold in beautiful pots and presented as a presentation on February 14th.
By the way, thanks to this tradition, Hoya Kerry got the second name among the people - Hoya Valentinka.
Meaty hoya (Carnosa)
Refers to curly succulent ornamental shrubs. It differs in sufficiently large, fleshy, juicy oval leaves. The flowers are waxy, plump, dense, about 1 cm in diameter.
Their color varies from pale pink to purple. Fleshy hoya as a species is appreciated by botanists and breeders for the ease of crossbreeding. Thanks to Carnosa, many other varieties have been bred.
It belongs to epiphytic, widespread and rapidly flowering varieties. In nature, it enters into a symbiotic relationship with ants that settle among its roots. Feature - miniature diamond-shaped leaves with an uneven surface and hollows between the veins.
Thanks to this feature, the people Lakunozu dubbed concave.
Variety bred from hoya serpens and carnos. It is characterized by curly long stems 1.5 mm thick and wide oval leaves covered with silver dots.
The flowers are fragrant, white with a greenish tint and pale pink corollas. Flowering time - all year.
Growing Hoya Bella in the open ground
In terms of care, a street flower is practically no different from a home one. It is also important to take care of a suitable place and take into account the basic needs of a tropical vine:
- the site should be well lit;
- Draft protection required
- watering is needed, but it is recommended to do this as the soil dries;
- rarely liana is fertilized, 3 procedures are enough for the summer period - 1 time per month;
- the hoya does not tolerate frequent transplants, so it is better to immediately allocate a permanent site to her; if you move the flower, it will spend a lot of energy on the development of new conditions and may not bloom at all.
On the street, hoya can grow only in the summer, while severe Russian winters are absolutely not suitable for her - the beauty from the tropics immediately freezes and dies. Before cold and frost, Bella should be dug up and planted in a pot.
How to cut a hoya to properly root a plant
In the question of how to properly cut the hoya, special attention should be paid to pruning the cuttings. The best place for the appearance of roots is considered to be the zone located under the very node. Therefore, under it you need to leave a couple of centimeters of the stem, cut off the rest. After the appearance of a new sprout from the sinus of the first node, you can cut off the second node and also root.
Rooting is possible in one of two ways:
- Immediately in the substrate (at soil temperature + 20 ... + 25 ° С).
- In water (at a temperature of + 22 ° C).
The first option is considered more reliable. Before rooting the cuttings of hoya, you need to prepare the soil according to one of the “recipes”:
- Mix in equal parts moss-sphagnum (or peat), vermiculite (or perlite), small expanded clay (or polystyrene).
- Combine small expanded clay (1/5 part), perlite or vermiculite (1/5 part), planting soil (3/5 part).
The prepared substrate must be breathable so that the stalk does not rot. Perlite or vermiculite will help to ensure this property of the soil. You should also take care of the proper soil moisture, but the higher the level of its breathability, the faster the water evaporates from it. This problem can be solved with the help of a polyethylene bag (exactly how it will be described later).
Before rooting for 100% of the result, it is possible to process the cuttings with “Kornevin”, but this is not necessary.
Planting homemade hoya with cuttings and caring for the plant
Planting the hoya with apical or stem cuttings is carried out as follows: in a plastic bag filled with a slightly moistened substrate, the handle is placed so that the bottom node is covered with soil. Then the package is placed horizontally, and after 10 days it will be possible to observe the appearance of roots in it.
You can do otherwise by planting a stalk in a flowerpot. Drainage is placed at the bottom of the container, then a substrate, into which the stalk penetrates, as in the previous version. To maintain moisture, a transparent plastic bag is loosely worn on the pot.
After 14-21 days, you can get a sprouted cuttings, ready for planting at a constant place of growth in the soil, prepared using one of the previously described technologies.
Rooting in water is done like this. The liquid container is wrapped with foil on all sides, and holes for cuttings are made from above in the wrapper. The planting materials processed at the request of “Kornevin” are lowered into the vessel so that the lower unit is under water. A plastic bag is also loosely placed on the container (for free air intake). The roots will appear after 14 days. It is necessary to transplant the stalk into the ground immediately, since the roots will become very fragile and can break off.
How to transplant hoya into a new pot
The “plus” of growing a crop is that it does not require a frequent transplant. It is carried out if necessary once every 1-3 years in the spring. Recommended substrate: flower soil mix “For flowering succulents” or prepared independently according to one of the “recipes” discussed above.
Usually, the plant signals itself that a transplant is necessary: the root system protrudes from the drainage into the holes at the bottom of the flowerpot, the bush or vine does not grow, the leaves become drooping.
Before transplanting a home hoya, you need to choose the right pot. If there is a goal to get abundant flowering, then the capacity should not be much larger than the one in which the culture grew before. If it is necessary to stimulate the growth of a bush or creeper, then the pot should be taken much more spaciously than the previous one. At the bottom you must not forget to lay the drainage (pebbles, broken shards, stones from 1 to 1.5 cm in size, polystyrene crumb).
Transfer healthy culture into a new container and fresh substrate is carried out by the method of transshipment - that is, an earthen lump, braided by roots, is not destroyed, but is transferred to another container and supplemented with the necessary amount of soil. When planting, the hoya does not deepen much, leaving the transplanted plant requires a standard - described above.
Hoya trimming and shaping
An important aspect of hoya care when growing it at home is pruning. The procedure is carried out during transplantation. It is necessary to remove those shoots that are excessively long - this will contribute to the abundant flowering of the plant. To stalk the branches, apply the method of nipping the tips after the fourth sheet is formed.
To form the crown of vines, supports are used. If the shoots are flexible, then rings, hearts, arches, spirals, etc. will do. On the windows or walls, the branches are fixed with threads. Ampel plants can be left hanging from a cache-pot. The main thing is to make sure that the flowerpot is light, otherwise the risk of it overturning will increase.
How to reanimate and make blooming hoya at home
Many gardeners - both novices and professionals - are faced with the phenomenon of massive leaf fall at a flowering indoor hoya plant. The reason for this may be an excess of moisture, hypothermia of the soil in winter or summer when watering with cold water, moving the pot with the crop to another place in the room. To reanimate the flower, you need to eliminate irritating factors.
If the leaves are covered with spots, this may indicate a lack of lighting or burns from direct sunlight. In this case, you need to change the location of the flower pot.
If the foliage has become too light, dried up, curled, this is a clear sign that the plant needs to be pritenen, because it dies under the scorching sun.
Due to insufficient lighting, improper wintering temperature, the color may not appear at all on the crop. An effective method of how to quickly make a hoya bloom at home is to bathe it under a warm shower using the previously described technology.
Advice! At the meaty hoya, do not cut off the peduncles: new inflorescences will form on them next year. Do not move the flowerpot with the plant as soon as the buds appear on it, otherwise they may crumble, like all foliage.
Only with proper care will an adult plant bloom profusely for a long period.
If waterlogging of the roots has occurred, this may entail infection of the flower with root rot or powdery mildew. First, the affected parts of the roots are removed. Then it is necessary to spray with fungicides. You also need to change the topsoil.
Beautiful Hoya will surely attract the attention of connoisseurs of spectacular flowering vegetation. This exotic flower is able to bloom for a long time, while improving the aura of the house and purifying the air. Yes, Hoya Bella may seem whimsical, but experienced gardeners are ready to argue with that. Having given her enough attention, you can admire lush inflorescences for more than one month.