Ampelic indoor plants with names and photos
Ampelic indoor plants are a wonderful decoration for a house or apartment. This name was borrowed from the German language, die Ampel in translation means "hanging vase for flowers." They decorate not only living quarters, but also terraces, balconies, gazebos. Due to the fact that ampelous flowers have increased branching, various shapes and balls can be formed from them. In order for the plant to not lose its decorative properties, it is necessary to pinch it and regularly remove wilted inflorescences and leaves.
In addition, ampel species are not only hanging flowers, but also striving for strong branching. Therefore, in order to avoid the shadowiness of the internal shoots, the side stems are pruned.
Hanging plants are divided into several groups. Among them you can find flowering varieties, decorative foliage and succulent cacti. All these types can create not only home comfort in the home, but also decorate office buildings.
Types of ampelous plants
Among the variety of species can be identified:
- Decorative foliage: chlorophytum, asparagus, begonia, dichondra, ampelous ficus. These are plants with leaves of unusual shape and color, their flowers, as a rule, are small and inconspicuous.
- Ampel type succulents: Wood's ceropegia, Siegold stonecrop, Morgan stonecrop, Rowley's godson. Beautiful cascades of small fleshy shoots look great in vertical landscaping.
- Beautiful flowering ampels: bell, fuchsia, morning glory, pelargonium, eschinanthus, caliberhoa. A variety of flowers in shape and color allows you to apply them to almost any style of interior.
Creating a green corner in a house almost always involves the use of plants with curly or freely hanging shoots. Ampels are rarely placed on window sills; they are usually used for vertical landscaping of an interior. They adorn walls, decorative coasters, braid lattices, often serve as additions to other plants.
Species with creeping shoots are planted in winter gardens as ground cover or fill plants. Of particular popularity are climbing forms of flowering annuals or fast-growing perennials when planting balconies and terraces. They are planted in hanging baskets, flower pots, long boxes along the railing, braided by mesh shading from the sun.
Every year, breeders present new varieties of summer animals (petunias, lobelia, nasturtium, diasia, bacopa, biden) for flowerpots and hanging baskets, which are subject to increased stability requirements in different growing conditions. Varieties capable of growing in the sun, resistant to winds, and withstanding significant changes in day and night temperatures are appreciated. Flowering plants in which the petals are not damaged by rain are very popular.
Among perennial ampels for landscaping balconies and loggias are suitable fast-growing species that can quickly produce a large amount of green mass, easily propagating from cuttings at any time of the year. With the onset of cold weather, one mother plant is kept in the apartment, which in the spring gives a sufficient number of cuttings for propagation. So they grow hybrid surfinia, fuchsia, ampelous begonias.
Famous ampel plants for room decoration
Ampels are successfully used everywhere for decoration and zoning of residential and office buildings, namely:
- Window and doorways;
Next, we describe the names of representatives of the flora of this category and attach beautiful photos so that you can not be mistaken with the choice of a “green neighbor”.
Ampel plants in the interior
As a rule, with the help of ampoules you can decorate a bedroom, living room, nursery, hallway, balcony, etc. They will perfectly fit into any interior if they are chosen competently and with taste. In flower shops you will be helped to buy ampelous indoor plants.
For the bedroom, the option of climbing greenery with not very large leaves is ideal. Shoots can be sent to a special wooden grate, highlighting any one section of the wall. It will look very impressive and stylish. Graceful species of ficus, ivy, rhodochiton will help revive your bedroom. It is better to avoid strong vigorous odors and bright colors, since the bedroom is still designed for relaxation and should be done in calm pastel colors.
For the bedroom, the option of climbing greenery with not very large leaves is ideal. Graceful species of ficus, ivy, rhodochiton will help revive your bedroom. It is better to avoid strong vigorous odors and bright colors, since the bedroom is still designed for relaxation and should be done in calm pastel colors.
There is no better way to decorate a living room than decorating it with ampels. Especially if the living room has high ceilings. But it is worth remembering that the "green favorites" should be away from heating appliances and electronic equipment, as this can affect them badly. The ideal option for the living room would be ferns in hanging pots. Here you can already express your imagination and choose a variety of bright flowering species that will be combined with the color scheme of the interior.
When placing ampels in a children's room, you should be especially careful, as this is fraught with some consequences. You should thoroughly study the characteristics of one or another representative of the flora, since some of them can be poisonous or contribute to the propagation of fungi and pathogenic bacteria. In addition, the child can pull on the long branches and knock over the pot. Therefore, the placement must be approached carefully and carefully.
Seeds and planting of ampelous indoor plants
Basically, flowers are sold already formed and ready for interior decoration. But you can grow some flowering species from seeds and yourself, for example, begonia, lobelia, petunia. When buying seed, be sure to look at the expiration date.
Landing an ampel consists of the following steps:
- The soil mixture is disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This will help prevent fungal infections;
- We fill the container with prepared soil, lightly water it and sow the seeds (if they are too small, you can gently mix them with sand);
- Pour the seed material onto the soil mixture and treat it with a growth stimulator using a spray gun. Air temperature during landing should be at least 22 degrees;
- Shoots will begin to break through after 1-2 weeks. The temperature regime can be reduced by 2-3 degrees;
- When the first leaves appear, carefully monitor the soil moisture level. Land should not be excessively damp.
Care for ampel indoor plants
These simple guidelines will help create a comfortable living environment for ampels:
- Decorative and deciduous species should be placed behind the window blind at a distance of 20-30 cm from the window, then they will have enough light;
- Blooming varieties will feel great on a window facing the west or east side. In this case, the direct rays of the sun will affect them only in the morning and evening;
- If you place ampoule indoor flowers on risers or shelves, take care of a lightweight plastic pot and high drainage in advance;
- Located at a height, the flower is exposed to dry air and begins to dry out faster, so you need to regularly spray its leaves with spray water and loosen the ground, slightly removing the top layer;
- When growing in a cache-pot, make sure that its fastenings will be able to support the weight of the plant together with the ground when watered. You also need to place the pots so that it is convenient to spray the flower and monitor the condition of the soil;
- Do not forget to remove excess moisture after watering, otherwise the ampel may begin to rot;
- During the heating season, next to the pot, you need to install dishes with water to give the flora representative additional moisture. How to humidify the air in the room we wrote here.
Pay attention to these simple tips, and you can turn any room into a green paradise.
Proper plant formation
Most of them independently encircle the provided supports, and it is not worth interfering in this process. To get a long central lash, she needs to wrap around a column and fix. To make the liana more fluffy and loose, it must be pinched in the apex. In this case, lateral layers begin to grow actively.
All cultures need support, but some species should be tied manually. Ampels can be fixed at a height with the help of a bamboo ladder or placed in hanging pots, baskets of wire (other materials).
When the flower stops growing, the roots begin to peek out of the pot, the leaves turn yellow, the inflorescences become small and quickly fall off, then it is time to transplant it. It is best to carry out the procedure in the spring months, when the flowers enter the period of active vegetative growth. Do not carry out such manipulations during flowering.
Ampels are recommended to be transplanted every year, while it is better to take the capacity two to three centimeters more than the old one. The plant is tipped along with the pot and the walls of the container are tapped so that an earthen lump moves away from them. Then you should pull it out and cut off the small side and intertwined layers.
Too thick roots are also cut off if they rot. A drainage layer of sand or pebbles about a centimeter high is poured at the bottom of the new tank. The flower is placed in a new pot and soil is poured. The ampel must be held at this moment so as not to damage. The root neck is placed so that it is slightly below the edge of the container.
The growth of the plant depends on how compacted the soil is. If you want the flower to grow actively, the substrate is not rammed. So that the flower quickly begins to form buds, the soil, on the contrary, is compacted. After transplanting, the ampel should be abundantly watered and put in the shade for several days so that it adapts and takes root.
Haircut and fertilizer
These varieties of plants are actively growing, therefore, each spring they are cut, so that the shoots do not intertwine, and they do not lose their decorative appearance. You need to cut off up to one third of the entire crown or only the upper kidneys. All lashes without leaves or too long are cut too.
Top dressing is carried out by fertilizers with compounds containing nitrogen and potassium. It is impossible that top dressing fell on the leaves. For plants that are valuable for their flowering, additional nutrition is necessary. It is carried out at the time when the buds are formed.
Ampelic indoor plants and flowers photos and names
This catalog with photographs of indoor flowers contains cultures that differ in appearance. They curl, and their shoots often hang from the pot. Therefore, plants are often grown in hanging flowerpots.
Ground cover, creeping perennial with red and soft stems. Belongs to the Gesneriev family. The homeland of the plant is considered the shady forest of South America. Many hybrid varieties have been cultivated and grown in homes. Their length reaches two meters.
The leaves of the flower are oval green. Dark veins and a lot of villi are visible on the upper part. Single inflorescences are similar to tubules with a velvet edging. More often their color is white or with red spots. The length of the tube can grow up to 6 cm, the diameter of the flower is 2.5 cm.
Decorative indoor flower. Basel representative. It is naturally found in the USA, India, New Guinea, Africa and the Pacific Islands. Another name for the home flower is Malabar Spinach.
Basella is a vine loving warmth. Leaflets are egg-shaped or heart-shaped with a sharp tip. They grow to 12 cm. Foliage has a delicate aroma.
Evergreen indoor plant. Perennial. The shape of the flower is spherical up to 15 cm in diameter. Shoots with antennae grow up to 4 m. Antenna twist in a spiral, while their tips bifurcate and have suction cups. With their help, the plant clings to the support. The leaves are oval, smooth. Flowers are unisexual cream or cream green. Female types are single, male types are part of small inflorescences.
The most unpretentious plant for the kitchen is chlorophytum. Outwardly, it resembles ordinary green grass, which grows in the yard.
Classic chlorophytum is a green plant with leaves.
Crested chlorophytum attracts with its bright colors, unusual twisted shape of leaves, and it also has a white strip along the leaves.
Chlorophytum is the most unpretentious plant for the kitchen
His root system is small, so small pots are suitable for him.
Chlorophytum does not like direct sunlight better, diffused light is suitable for it.
Chlorophytum is a moisture-loving plant. It can be sprayed with water from a spray bottle and in the summer to give it a cold shower.
Chlorophytum should be sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
Every year there are more leaves in the pot, the plant needs to be transplanted into a larger pot as it grows and its area in it grows.
With good care, the plant gives twigs with rosettes that can be cut and planted in water so that they give roots or immediately planted in a pot of earth.
Ferns are most often seen in the forest, florists use fern leaves to decorate a bouquet of cut flowers.
The home plant fern grows slowly, gradually grows foliage, the branches of which become long.
Fern in the kitchen interior
Fern feels great if you place it in a hanging planter directly against the wall, next to the window, avoiding direct sunlight. This is a shade-tolerant, non-flowering plant.
Paportonic water-loving plant. You can put it in the bathroom and shower it with cool water from the shower, as well as spray it from a spray bottle. In the summer, we increase watering.
Due to the fact that the plant is hygrophilous, it can be planted in a pot without holes.
Paportonik is a water-loving plant.
If the plant is small in size, then it needs a small pot. If the plant no longer fits in the pot, then it is necessary to transplant the plant into a larger pot.
As the fern grows, it needs a transplant.
Fern resembles a large bush, which actually consists of several. When transplanting plants, you can divide the fern and transplant each bush in a separate pot.
In gratitude for the good care, the plant releases new leaves, at first they resemble thin narrow hairy twigs, and then leaves form on them.
Fern propagation by dividing the bush
From the dry air pouring ferns dry and fly around.
Scindapsus is a perennial liana, a capricious plant that can grow in the shade. In the wild, this plant wraps around tree trunks. People call it “grandmother’s flower.” Its leaves are like linden leaves.
This plant is familiar to many, it can often be seen in apartments of the Soviet era, including in the kitchen. The indoor plant gives has long branches, so it nicely decorates an empty wall.
Scindapsus will decorate the wall in the kitchen
The color of the leaves can be different: green leaves, dark green leaves, leaves with spots. The following types are suitable for home floriculture: golden, cirrus or painted scindapsus.
Shade-tolerant plant, diffused light is suitable.
Scindapsus does not need to be filled with water, otherwise the plant will simply die.It is necessary to monitor the earthen lump so that it is not dry, especially in the summer.
Scindapsus prefers diffuse light and moderate watering
The plant has long branches and can be in the same pot for a long time, because the root system is small. But sometimes, it is still worth replanting if the plant is cramped in a pot.
The plant forms aerial roots, you can cut off a small part of the plant and plant it in the ground.
The second variant of plant propagation, it is propagated by division of the shoot. We cut off part from the plant and plant it in water, over time roots will appear, the plant is ready for transplantation into the ground.
Aerial roots at scindapsus
This plant is familiar to many, ivy is an evergreen climbing plant. Its leaves resemble small maple leaves in shape. Ivy has small leaves, it does not bloom.
Many florists use ivy in the design of rooms, in the preparation of bouquets, compositions, as well as for planting in the florarium.
Ivy with a frame to form a composition
For this indoor plant, you can use the frame, guides and then it will wrap this form with its leaves. You can make a frame in the form of a heart, a round shape or a frame in the form of a cone and make this plant look like a Christmas tree.
With the help of a frame, ivy can be given any shape
In cities with a warm climate, with the help of this plant a hedge is formed, for example in the Crimea, Gelendzhik, in the Caucasus you can often see a fence over which ivy grows.
The plant is not afraid of drafts, it can be exposed to fresh air.
With good lighting, the leaves of the cheder grow, the plant grows actively. In winter, lighting is needed.
The plant is comfortable when they arrange a shower, sprayed. During the growth period, it must be fed with minerals.
During the growth period, ivy needs to be fed
The ivy plant has a small root system; in stores it is sold in small pots. This pot may be a long period of time.
When transplanting, you need to choose not a deep, but a wide flower pot.
Cuttings, layering and shoots.
Ivy propagation by cuttings
Cissus - indoor grapes, birch, gravy ivy, as soon as this plant is not called.
A creeping shrub, in some cases, can bloom, an unpretentious thermophilic plant.
Cissus - unpretentious creeping bush
Not demanding on lighting, you can put a pot in the back of the room.
How to water cissus? Due to the fact that the plant has many leaves, there should be regular and plentiful watering in the summer. In winter, a little less.
From time to time it is necessary to arrange a warm shower for the plant, if the room is very stuffy, then the plant must be sprayed with water.
Cissus is watered regularly and plentifully.
Usually the plant is transplanted once a year, if the plant is an adult, then 1 time in 2-3 years.
Cuttings or dividing plants.
Most plants love the light and reach for it, but direct sunlight is fatal to any indoor plant. With strong light from the window space, the leaves burn out, lose their color, and burns may appear on the leaves and the plant may die.
It is necessary to darken the windows in the kitchen. It is also necessary to install an extractor hood over the stove in the kitchen, a special box (protection) must be installed on the battery so that warm air does not spread throughout the kitchen, and then to other rooms.
Over time, it is necessary to add new soil to the flower pot, because the old one is lowered.
You can feed flowers with minerals and fertilizers to improve the appearance of the plant, so that the plant is healthy.
Ampel flowers for the kitchen
For watering plants using boiled, filtered water, water from a well or thawed snow. You can also pour plain water into a vessel, let it brew for several hours, and then water it.
You can buy plants for the kitchen in large stores in the flower department, in the flower market, buy from private individuals through free classified ads sites.
With plants in the kitchen there will be clean and fresh air, buy houseplants in your apartment, give to relatives and friends, because the flowers in the pot are longer than the usual cut flowers!
Stefanotis - a vine from Madagascar, indoor "Jasmine", an eternally green, curly plant. The leaves are oval, the flowers are white with a pleasant aroma.
The plant is fast-growing, unpretentious, needs support.
Stefanotis needs support for proper growth.
In cities with a warm climate, you can make a hedge.
Shade from direct sunlight. In winter, additional lighting is needed.
Regular and plentiful watering. In winter, watering is moderate. Stefanotis loves high humidity, so he needs frequent spraying with water. On hot days, the plant must be placed on a pallet with water.
Stefanotis needs frequent spraying with water
A pot of small shape and size is suitable for the plant, one might say close. As the leaves grow and grow in size, it should be transplanted into another pot.
Cuttings, dividing the plant.
Shank of stefanotis
The evergreen perennial has succulent shoots up to 1 m. The indoor flower is characterized by broad-lanceolate leaves up to 10 cm in length. The front side of the leaves is purple-green; the wrong side is purple with the edge. It blooms for a long time from mid-spring to late summer. Inflorescences are small pink-violet with three petals, collected in miniature inflorescences at the ends of shoots.
The plant belongs to the euphorbia family with unusual flowering. Australia is considered the birthplace of culture. Translated from Latin, Akalifa means "nettle" due to the similarity of the leaves. Flowers are popularly called the "fox tail." Leaves are presented in the form of an elongated oval hanging from the shoots. Inflorescences are interesting, purple-red tones. In length, it can grow up to half a meter.
Another species of this plant has golden-crimson oval leaves up to 22 cm long. Inflorescences are small up to eight centimeters, red.
Campanula (Bride and Groom)
The flower is very popular among gardeners. The plant received a romantic name because of its delicate flowers (blue, white, lilac). The culture is like bells. Today, many species are cultivated and used in indoor floriculture.
Planting and reproduction
Climbing indoor plants are propagated and rejuvenated with the help of an apical cuttings, which are cut and rooted directly with leaves. If the creeper has aerial roots, immediately dig a sprout into the soil, and if not, first leave it in the water. Propagating seeds are rarely used: it is not very convenient and not effective enough.
When the liana is rejuvenated, its lower bare part is cut almost to the middle: so the plant will begin to expand and branch again. It is recommended that adult plants not be transplanted, but transplanted with an earthen lump. Do this with an assistant so as not to break long stems.
Diseases and Pests
Indoor climbing plants are almost not susceptible to diseases and pests. The main problems are associated with a violation of the humidity regime: due to too dry air, the flower wilts, and scale leaves, aphids, spider mites start in the leaves. Due to excess moisture, the rhizome begins to rot, and sometimes the liana even discards the leaves.