The most unpretentious indoor flowers with photos of flowering plants for office and apartment
For the cultivation of many houseplants, special knowledge is not needed, just the desire to see them at home is enough. When creating a home green corner from unpretentious plants, it is necessary to select species so that they have common features of growing:
- the ability to tolerate rare watering during a forced absence of hosts (for example, a business trip, vacation, a sudden illness);
- irregular top dressing should not significantly affect growth, development and decorativeness;
- undemanding to environmental conditions (air humidity, temperature, light, drafts);
- high decorativeness and intense flowering in "Spartan" conditions.
Many will decide that such picky plants do not exist in nature, but this is not so. There are many large and small, shade-tolerant and photophilous, tree-like and climbing plants that steadily endure the uncomfortable conditions of city apartments and modern offices with working computer equipment and a large staff.
Abutilon or Indoor Maple
Belongs to the family of malvaceae, it is called an indoor maple tree for its similarity to the tree of the same name. It was brought into the country from the tropics, because of this the plant loves sunny color and grows quite quickly.
- It should be located in a sunny place, best on a loggia.
- Indoor maple will grow well and develop at a temperature of 15-16 degrees in the summer and 10-15 in the winter.
- In the warm season, the plant should be abundantly watered.
- The room where the flower will be placed should be well ventilated.
- Propagating indoor maple is best in spring.
- The soil for transplantation must be loose.
- If the plant has grown, then it is better to prune it. It is worth doing in the winter.
- In spring, it is advisable to feed indoor maple with nitrogen fertilizers.
- It can be propagated by cuttings.
Want to decorate your windowsill? Choose blooming indoor flowers. One of them is a light and moisture-loving balsam, which blooms for a very long time.
However, he does not like other indoor plants to grow next to him: in the cramped he will throw off the leaves. In order for the flower to continue abundant flowering in winter, it is necessary to turn on artificial lighting.
Caring for balsam is easy. The main thing:
- temperature from 15 to 25 ° C;
- plentiful watering, and in hot time - frequent spraying;
- at the age of four, transplantation and pruning is necessary.
Constantly blooming violets are the favorite of women. At floristic exhibitions, even people far from floriculture do not remain indifferent to the beauty of inflorescences. Petals amaze with a variety of forms: simple, terry, corrugated, star-shaped, edged. The color scheme - from delicate lilacs to dense violet. To enjoy blooming as long as possible, it should be borne in mind that the violet loves the light, but can die in direct sunlight. Watering it is enough 2-3 times a month with warm, slightly acidified water, avoiding moisture on the foliage and the outlet.
Pelargonium is another year-round blooming flower. Its inflorescences can be different and delight households with diversity.
- The flower is able to easily tolerate the sun's rays, it can be placed on the sunny side of the apartment. The only royal subspecies does not tolerate bright light.
- The room needs to be well ventilated.
- The temperature in the room for the good development of pelargonium should not exceed 23 degrees, and if it drops below 10 degrees, the plant will stop flowering.
- In the summer, the flower needs to be watered quite often, the rest of the time it should be done less often.
- It is also worth monitoring the moisture of the soil, because the flower may be susceptible to fungal diseases.
- Pelargonium needs to be fed in parts. Feeding is introduced into the soil along with watering.
- The flower propagates with the help of cuttings.
This plant is also called wax ivy. The evergreen tropical culture in the form of a liana has large green leaves, the surface of which is covered with a thin layer of whitish wax. It is distinguished by flowers amazing in structure and shape. Star inflorescences can be white or red, glossy or with pubescence. Inside there is another white or yellow flower. These buds are collected in umbrella inflorescences.
In home breeding, two types of hoya are usually used - meaty and fine. They tolerate sunlight well, including direct, high temperature. Tropical exotics do not like too frequent watering, normally experiencing short-term drought.
Even unpretentious indoor plants require care. You can forget to water them, spray them, organize additional illumination in the winter. Perhaps they will not die, but their decorativeness will decrease, there will be no flowering, the leaves will showered. Therefore, even such colors require a certain air temperature, the degree of soil moisture and lighting.
This is a lush shrub that is covered with large white inflorescences during the flowering period (Figure 5). Gardenia belongs to those few species that do not stop flowering even with a lack of sunlight.
Figure 5. Growing gardenia at home
Despite the fact that gardenia belongs to unpretentious crops for the home, it needs to provide regular and quite plentiful watering. In addition, the flower is sensitive to dry air, so with an increase in temperature, gardenia leaves should be regularly sprayed with boiled water at room temperature.
Nolina Bokarneya - a family of agave, it is also called the "bottle palm", due to the shape of the crown. Leaves lanceolate hanging. Nolina perfectly tolerates dry climates and temperature extremes. But palm moisture loves high, the earth must always be wet, otherwise the ends of the leaves will dry out. A powerful root system accumulates enough moisture to ensure normal plant growth during a drought.
Direct sunlight is not harmful, but in the shadow of Nolin, the sculpin grows unwillingly.
Transplanted once every 4 years, but fertilizer is applied regularly 2 times a month.
The main difficulties with watering: overfilling, or underfilling lead to negative consequences.
Golden mustache is a perennial plant with wax leaves. Growing leaves partially overlap, thereby creating the illusion of a rosette. In addition to decorativeness, the plant is grown for medicinal purposes.
The golden mustache tolerates a hot and dry climate, but can grow in the cold. The main thing is that the temperature should not fall below 0 degrees. In summer, water abundantly, but do not water the soil. Propagates easily, in several ways. The plant feels great in the shade and in the sun. During the growing season, once every 2 weeks, mineral fertilizers are applied and, if possible, sprayed.
Hibiscus or chinese rose
Evergreen, flowering shrub all year round. Its flowers are like roses, they are red, burgundy, white and pink. Hibiscus can grow up to two meters in height, so it needs space and a large pot.
The plant is important in sunlight and plentiful watering. In summer, the Chinese rose needs daily spraying with water. With a lack of moisture, hibiscus can lose flowers and buds.
Belongs to the Amaryllis family. Homeland - South Africa.
The plant has unusual long and dark leaves. Flowering is characterized by the appearance in the center of large orange flowers with yellow in the middle. They look like bells in shape. Quantity - from 20 to 40 pieces.
It blooms from winter to summer, if you add mineral fertilizers to the soil. It can be both in the light and in the shade. With proper watering and top dressing, the plant can bloom in rooms with poor lighting.
For abundant flowering in autumn and winter, clivia prefers a cool temperature of 12-14 ºC and light watering. In summer, the plant needs to be watered more abundantly.
During flowering, the pot with the plant should not be disturbed, moving it to another place.
Near the main plant, shoots periodically appear. They must be separated from adult clivia, replanting in other pots with soil. It should be a mixture of turf, leafy soil, humus, sand and peat.
Heliotrope is a perennial flowering plant with a pronounced aroma of flowers. The heliotrope is used in cosmetology as a flavoring agent. Depending on the variety, flowering lasts from spring to September. There is white and lilac bloom with various shades. At home, unpretentious, but demanding on lighting.
Inadequate lighting leads to elongation of shoots, sluggish leaves and small flowers. In summer, they are kept at 24-26 degrees, in winter the temperature is reduced to 5-7 degrees.
Does not need mandatory spraying, but on hot days it will not hurt. In summer, water abundantly, with a decrease in temperature, watering is also reduced.
An orchid is an exotic flower that must be constantly looked after, only then it will delight its owners with abundant and beautiful flowering.
- It is better to place an orchid on the western or eastern window sills of the apartment, since it does not like bright light.
- The temperature for the comfortable existence of the plant is 18-26 degrees. If the temperature regime is too high, then the inflorescences will disappear, and the leaves will lose brightness.
- The room should be often aired. Orchid loves moisture, so it’s better to put wet sand on the pallet.
- Watering is moderate but regular.
- Before flowering, it is better to feed the orchid, Kemira Lux is most often used for this.
- A flower is rarely transplanted, once every 3-4 years. It is better to purchase special soil for transplanting in a flower shop.
This is ideal for office space and novice gardeners who only learn the wisdom of caring for indoor flowers. Succulents have an adaptive mechanism of moisture accumulation, therefore, in winter, many species are advised not to water at all, and in summer - to moisten to a minimum. In addition, since the homeland of succulents is hot countries, they tolerate high temperatures, direct sunlight.
Among the succulents you can find specimens blooming all year round, miniature and gigantic, with and without thorns.
This is a decorative home plant with small flowers of yellowish, orange, pink or bright red color. Culture can bloom at any time of the year, but, unfortunately, flowering can not be attributed to long-term. Kalanchoe is very demanding on the microclimate: cold air and dampness lead to the rapid death of roots. That is why it is very important to maintain a moderate watering regime and monitor the dryness of the pan.
For the full growth and development of Kalanchoe requires bright, but at the same time scattered light, ventilation and sufficient space. The optimal room temperature is considered to be 18-20 degrees.
Family: Crassulaceae, leafy-decorative, photophilous.
Fat woman (Crassula) or the “money tree” is loved by flower growers not only for their unpretentiousness, but also for their original appearance.
Crassulaceous purslane, or silver (Crassula portulaceae argentea), the most common species, is similar to a stocky tree (can grow up to 1 m tall) with round dark green “coin” leaves. The flowers are small white or pink.
Looks like her and more large tree-like fatty (Crassula arborescens), but it has oval, bluish leaves.
Crassula tetrahedral (Crassula tetragona) is more reminiscent of a plun - its thin lodging shoots are densely covered with numerous short-awl, fleshy leaves.
Crassula is photophilous and drought-resistant. In winter, a temperature of + 8 ... + 12 ° C is permissible. Top dressing is carried out only in the warm season once a month. Transplanted every 2-3 years, in wide, low containers, using a soil mixture of turf and leaf soil, sand, peat (1: 1: 1: 0.5).
It is believed that the fat woman attracts luck and financial prosperity to the house. Why not try it, because the cost of it is definitely minimal.
Family: Lilac, deciduous, shade-tolerant.
Aspidistra (Aspidistra), “friendly family”, or “shoemaker's palm”, is a perennial herb with large oval or broad-lanceolate glossy leaves on long strong petioles.
Along with plain dark green leaf blades, there is a decorative ‘Variegata’ form with leaves in longitudinal white, cream or yellow stripes. Expanding, it occupies the entire area provided.
As the popular name (“shoemaker's palm”) testifies, this unpretentious beautiful houseplant can grow in rather difficult conditions: moderate shading (variegated forms require a brighter place, otherwise the brightness of the colors is lost), low humidity, high dust content, small interruptions with watering . He is afraid of drafts, stagnation of moisture and transplants (transplanted in the spring, when the capacity becomes very tight). The soil mixture is composed of turf land, compost, peat and sand (1: 1: 1: 1).
Of the useful qualities can be called a sound-absorbing effect, increased air humidity and phytoncidal activity against a number of pathogenic microorganisms.
Belongs to the Aroid family. The birthplace of origin is East Asia and South America.
Recognizable by the characteristic large white colors. They have a glossy surface, like leaves.
It blooms from spring to autumn. He likes high humidity, warmth, but without bright sunlight. Need to spray the leaves. Wood bark, charcoal and brick chips are added to the soil.
Under poor conditions, the plant does not die. Instead, flowering worsens. Seedlings are obtained by separating its parts with roots from the main bush.
Hybrid roses specially developed for indoor breeding are an excellent solution for decorating the windowsill.
They love a lot of light, but they hate overheating, so place them on the window, but not above the battery. The eastern or western window is best suited for deployment, and in summer, a balcony is an ideal place to keep.
To make the rose glad with flowers, provide it with the required care:
- Do not forget to water, and if the air is dry, then spray. In winter, slightly reduce watering;
- feed fertilizers for flowering twice a month;
- provide temperature conditions - 20–25 ° С;
- regularly remove faded peduncles and dry branches.
The complexity of the name is offset by the ease of care. Ideal for beginner gardeners. Spathiphyllum perfectly tolerates a long lack of moisture and a lack of sun. Snow-white sails on a green background resemble callas in a wedding bouquet. The owners are happy all year round, but they bloom especially wildly in the summer.
Funny little succulent with predatory color is very hardy and unpretentious. Droughts are familiar to him, so he won’t even notice if you forget to water him. In winter, it can be practically not watered at all - this should be done only if the leaves begin to lose elasticity. Haworthia loves bright diffused light, but you should not expose it to the scorching sun. But the coolness does not threaten her.
Ficus is recommended to be kept where it receives a sufficient amount of scattered light. However, in the shade, he feels quite well. Ficus loves heat, but the cool room temperature does not threaten him. As for watering, watch the soil in the pot: as soon as the top layer dries, you can water. As a rule, once a week is enough. And to make the leaves shine, wipe them with a damp sponge a couple of times a month.
The beauty of this species is given by large carved leaves.Evergreen plant, at a young age the leaves are whole, with time large holes appear on them, gradually the leaf blade becomes completely cut.
It can grow both at low and high temperatures. In the latter case, it begins to branch strongly. Shady culture does not tolerate direct sunlight, prefers frequent and fractional watering.
Ferns tolerate the absence of light very well. Add resistance to cold here - and you can put a fern even in a poorly heated hallway. Unpretentious to light, ferns love moisture, which makes them ideal plants for the bathroom. In heavily heated rooms, for the arrival of a sufficient amount of moisture, the leaves need to be sprayed additionally.
This unpretentious flower is popular for its unusual shape and color of leaves. It changes the color of leaf blades during growth. Young leaves are green or yellowish, but eventually become variegated: with yellow, orange, red spots and stripes.
Circumcision of the croton bush is necessary for the formation of a beautiful spherical crown. Pinching the tops stimulates the growth of lateral shoots of the plant. Croton Care:
- Water 2 times a week.
- Contain croton on the windowsills of the eastern and western windows.
- Ensure temperature conditions - 17–22 ° С.
- Create a moisture content of 60% by spraying.
- Feed monthly (except winter) with fertilizers for ornamental deciduous plants.
- It is necessary to transplant annually in the first 3 years, then - once every 3-4 years.
Most agave leaf succulent species lack a stem; leaves are collected in a multi-row rosette. A houseplant is not demanding on the composition of the soil. The only condition for its successful cultivation is a well-lit place, preferably on the windowsill of the south window.
Agave in a pot
Water the flower every 10 days in warm time. In winter - 1 time per month. Spraying agave does not tolerate: water entering the center of the outlet causes tissue to rot. From time to time it is necessary to clean its leaves from dust with a soft brush. Top dressing is carried out in the summer every 2 weeks (with complex fertilizer for succulents).
Stimulation of flowering and care
In order for green pets to bloom profusely, they need discomfort. In this case, they start a self-preservation program, this stimulates the process of active reproduction and leads to the appearance of new peduncles. In complete comfort, such crops do not make sense to multiply. In order to achieve a result, flower growers use sharp temperature fluctuations, reduce heating to 5-8 degrees, and also increase daylight hours.
However, it also happens that all the conditions for flowering are created, but the buds still do not appear. Then you can stimulate flowering with the help of organic or synthetic drugs.
Phytohormones and biostimulants cope best with the task:
- Thor Mach;
- Bio Bloom
The active formation of ovaries is facilitated by the hormones Florigen and Vernalin. Many gardeners use folk remedies - sugar, banana, wood ash, castor oil and aloe juice.
In order for such flowers to grow and develop, as well as to please the household with their lush flowering, they need full lighting - lack of light is one of the most common reasons for the absence of peduncles. Daylight hours should be at least 10 hours, so additional illumination will be required in winter.
It is very important to choose the right soil mixture. A detrimental effect on flowering is caused by a lack or, on the contrary, an overabundance of nutrition - when applying dressings, it is necessary to strictly follow the manufacturer's instructions on the package of the drug.
The flowering process is influenced by a number of factors. Among them:
- sufficiently high temperature;
- high humidity;
- competent irrigation regime.
In conclusion, we note that now many prefer to buy flowering plants in stores. On the one hand, this allows you to enjoy the beauty without any effort, on the other hand, these plants were grown with the addition of a huge amount of special fertilizers.
After flowering, most of them fade, and it is very difficult to achieve the re-release of peduncles.
How to extend the flowering period of indoor plants blooming year-round
What is the name of the indoor flower with red leaves
Flowering plants can be extended with proper care. Among the ever flowering houseplants there are no shade-loving ones. Flowering causes the sun, often scattered rays.
For all plants, it is recommended to remove faded buds. They start pests. The plant will not spend energy on wilted flowers, but will direct energy to young ones. It is necessary to regularly fertilize flowering plants. Apply homemade dressing.
There are flowers that require a special approach. For example, when growing orchids, you need to follow a number of rules:
- Do not rearrange the pot when the buds open.
- Spray the tip of the peduncle.
- 1 time in 7 days to make a warm shower.
- Do not overfeed with fertilizers.
- During flowering, reduce watering and maintain a cool temperature.
Agrotechnics violets also has its own subtleties:
- To avoid falling buds, the plant needs a constant temperature. When exceeding 24 degrees, the leaves turn yellow, the flowers wither.
- He does not like drafts.
- Watering is done from the pan.
- During flowering, the space around the violets is sprayed.
Extends the flowering of bulbous plants in a cool environment (not higher than 15 degrees) and good lighting.
Secrets to Blooming Everlasting Houseplants
Each species has its own methods that will help cause flowering. The most common:
- So that the orchid blooms faster again, it is cleaned in a cool dark room for a month and reduce watering.
- Violets bloom in sunlight for at least 8 hours. In winter, they add artificial lighting and extend the daylight hours to 14 hours.
- A room rose is transplanted at the end of summer. In spring, cut weak, dry shoots and organize long daylight hours for at least 16 hours.
- Abutilon blooms all year in bright light.
Forever blooming house flowers will decorate and diversify life. They give positive emotions and delight the eye. Flowers in the house cheer up, support physical health. Of the many types and varieties, a flower grower can easily choose which one is suitable for home.