Xanthosoma (Xanthosoma) is a representative of the Arodidic family. The genus includes about 50 species and is naturally distributed in the tropical zone of South and Central America.
Xanthosomes is a large ornamental deciduous plant with a tuberous rhizome, with a short thick trunk. Light green leaves with pronounced veins are spear-shaped. They are dense, shiny, very large, on long stalks, of various colors. Both tubers and leaves after heat treatment can be eaten.
The xanthoma inflorescence is a yellow cob fused with a bedspread at the base.
Types of Xanthomas
- Xanthosome Powerful - in adult plants, the trunk size can reach one meter, in young plants it is absent. Matte soft leaves reach a length of 0.5-2.0 m, a width of up to 1.5 m, are located on petioles up to 1.5 m long.
- Xanthosoma Linden is a hygrophilous plant with arrow-shaped broad leaves 25-40 cm long on long petioles up to 70 cm. Their color below is green, monophonic, top with white stripes along the veins. The cover of this species is white, the ear is short.
- Xanthosome Dark Green - It is a plant with spear-shaped leaves up to 70 cm long and up to 60 wide, color - dark green in the middle, green along the edge. The petiole of the plant has a bluish coating, the coverlet is lilac, with red veins.
- Xanthosoma Violet - top leaves are painted in blue-green, bottom - green, matte. Their size reaches 50 cm, petiole is purple, up to 1 m. The flowers have a yellow veil 20-30 cm long. Leaves and tuberous rhizomes of this species are considered edible.
Temperature and lighting - Xanthosis must be protected from direct sunlight. The plant is thermophilic, grows well at 20-25 degrees, the temperature should not fall below 18 even in winter. You can not put xanthoma next to heating appliances.
Humidity and watering - In summer, watering should be regular and plentiful, but moisture stagnation at the roots should not be allowed. In winter, watering is reduced, no more than once a week. The lower the temperature, the less often moisturize the plant.
Humidity needs high - large leaves evaporate a lot of moisture. Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth from time to time.
Fertilizer and transplant - the plant responds well to fertilizing with organic fertilizers with a frequency of once every three weeks.
Soil and transplant - Xanthoma needs neutral, loose soil, take ready-made soil for palm trees with the addition of sphagnum moss or coconut fiber, you need good drainage. Young xanthomas are transplanted, depending on the strength of growth, once or twice a year, and adults - about once every two to three years.
Bloom Indoor is extremely rare.
Xanthosis is propagated by division of the rhizome during transplantation. The place of cut should be sprinkled with powdered activated carbon and put in a separate pot. With a warm content, about 20-25 degrees and sufficient humidity, rooting occurs quickly.
The plant can be propagated by separating the root offspring from the mother bush.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
Xanthoma can be affected by a scab, a spider mite, a mealybug. Treat the plant with an insecticide.
Direct sunlight can cause leaf burns.
With a lack of light, variegated colored leaves turn green.
Lack of nutrition can cause yellowing of the leaves.
With a lack of moisture in the air, the tips of the leaves dry, brown spots may appear.
Excessive watering can cause rotting of the stem and roots.
The appearance of a drop of moisture on the tip of the leaf before the rain is an indicator of the well-being of the plant.
All aroid poisonous - use caution.