This plant not so long ago appeared in the houses of Russian flower growers, but managed to fall in love with many for its unpretentiousness, long and beautiful flowering and ease of reproduction.
Barleria is a representative of the acanthus family. This is an evergreen shrub. The shoots of the plant are soft and flexible, in most species they tend to the soil and, touching it, are easily rooted. Therefore, in the rooms, barley is most often grown as an ampel plant. Species with erect stems are also found in nature, many of them have spines. A feature of the plant is the rapid growth of shoots - they can grow up to 150 cm per year.
The leaves are located on the stems opposite, can be both dense and shiny, and velvet, pubescent.
This plant is found in tropical regions of Asia, America and Africa, as well as in India. Probably, for the exquisite tenderness of flowers, it was popularly called the "Filipino violet." The question arises: “What does the Philippines have to do with it?” But this is a typical tropical country in Southeast Asia, so why not?
Flowering barleria. Species diversity
The plant blooms quickly and easily, and although each flower individually lives only one day, it is replaced by dozens and even hundreds of new ones. So in general, this attractive sight can last several months. There are species that, with proper care, can please the eye with the presence of buds and flowers all year round.
Their color can be the most diverse: red, pink, yellow, blue, white, lilac, as well as stripes and dots.
For successful flowering of barleria, you need only a sufficient amount of light and regular feeding.
About 250 species of plants belong to the genus barleria. The following types have spread in the rooms:
- Creeping Barleria (B. repens). Small in size with creeping shoots. It blooms in red or purple from spring to autumn.
- Comb barleria (B. cristata). Shrub with upright stems, covered with villi and spines. Inflorescence in the form of an ear of violet-blue, white or pink color.
- Dull Barleria (B. obtusa). The stems grow very densely. It blooms with delicate blue bells.
- Barleria prickly (B. prionitis). A small plant with a huge amount of bright yellow flowers. Able to form buds all year round.
- Barleria serolifolia (B. gray). The bush is large, blooms with white tubular flowers from autumn to mid-winter. The leaves are grayish-green with a velvet surface.
Conditions of detention
Barleria is a very unpretentious plant indoors. It is best to place it on the windows of eastern or western orientation, on the southern windows it will need to be shaded from the direct sun, and on the northern lights it may not be enough. However, it will successfully grow and bloom under artificial lighting, even in the back of the room.
A guest from the tropics will need a rather warm atmosphere all year round, in summer - the usual room temperature + 18 ° C - + 22 ° C. In winter, if possible, it is advisable to put the flower in a cooler place + 12 ° С - + 16 ° С. Typically, places near window panes are ideal for this purpose, where it is always colder in winter. Lower temperatures can be fatal to her.
Barrier is watered sparingly, allowing the soil surface to dry between waterings, in winter it is enough to water once every two weeks. It is advisable to take water soft and necessarily warm.
The dry air of the room barleria tolerates well, and if it grows in company with other plants, then you do not need to additionally take care of air humidity.
Pruning, nutrition, transplanting
Since the barleria is growing quite rapidly, it is advisable to regularly form it with the help of cropping. In this sense, the plant has considerable potential for creativity. With the help of clipping shoots, it can be given a diverse shape, only flowering can be delayed somewhat in time if the pruning is too cardinal.
The plant itself will tell you when you need to start feeding it, releasing new leaves and buds in spring. Fertilizers for flowering should be applied regularly every two weeks until the fall, alternating mineral with organic. In winter, top dressing is not needed - the plant is resting.
It’s better to transplant barrier in spring too. This is usually done once a year. Soil should be chosen neutral, nutritious and breathable with the addition of wood ash. Drainage is mandatory even for very young plants. At each transplant, the pot should be only slightly larger than before.
Reproduction. Major problems and pests
Barleria is easily propagated by cuttings that remain after pruning. They take root even without additional treatment in wet sand or simply light sandy soil. It is also easy to propagate by seeds, which, by the way, can be obtained from your own plant. After flowering, pods with seeds are formed on it, about 3-4 in each. When sown in light air ground, germination lasts about 2 weeks.
Flowering, in this case, is likely to occur a year after sowing. But when propagated by cuttings, they are able to bloom 3-4 months after rooting.
Barleria is resistant to pest attacks. Plants grown from seeds have such good immunity that they do not suffer from pests, even if they are on neighboring plants.