Hamerantemum is a herbaceous, tropical plant of the acanthus family. In the wild, it grows in the jungle of South America, where it can be found everywhere.
Features of individual species
The genus includes eight species. Florists use for decorative purposes chamerantemum:
- Beirich (beyrichii);
- Gaudisho (gaudichaudii);
- fiery red (igneum).
These are low herbaceous plants. The leaves are elongated, egg-shaped, with an ornamental pattern along the veins. Chamerantema bloom profusely, with white and yellowish flowers.
Hamerantemums grow in the jungle. To create increased humidity at home is very difficult. To maintain optimal conditions for growth and development, it is necessary:
- constantly spray the plant from the spray gun;
- place the pot on a pallet with wet pebbles;
- protect the flower from drafts.
When containing a chamerantemum, its features must be taken into account:
- when the substrate is dry or the ambient humidity is low, the leaves fly around;
- with a lack of nutrition, growth stops;
- in partial shade, leaf color fades;
- the plant requires fertile soil.
Transplant and substrate
The soil mixture for planting should be light, permeable, nutritious. You can use the prepared soil for wild-leaved species, but it is better to cook it yourself. For its preparation, the following ingredients are required in equal parts:
- sheet earth;
- baking powder (coarse sand, perlite);
- turf land.
Transplant the plant only once every 2-3 years.
Hamerantemums like bright daylight, but do not tolerate direct sunlight on hot summer days.
These plants come from the tropical jungle and are therefore thermophilic. The optimum temperature for their content is + 20-25 ° C.
Watering and feeding
Water the chamerantema regularly. The soil in the pot should be constantly moist, but you should beware of overflows.
Top dressing is carried out constantly in the summer. Organic fertilizers are best suited.
Chamerantemums are propagated:
- by seeds;
- processes that form near the mother plant.
Cuttings are cut in spring from shoots after pruning. Their rooting occurs in a mixture of wet peat and perlite, using root formation stimulants. It is better to grow young seedlings in greenhouses.
At home, chamerantema most often affects a spider mite, aphid, mealybug. To help the plant can infusion of tobacco dust, which is applied to the leaves and washed off with a damp cloth.
This is a beautiful plant with decorative leaves. It can be grown even by a not very experienced florist.